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Long-Term Ambient Temperature and Externalizing Behaviors in Adolescents
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Department of Psychology, Dana and David Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8768-6954
Program in Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, USA.
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2018 (English)In: American Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0002-9262, E-ISSN 1476-6256, Vol. 187, no 9, p. 1931-1941Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The climate-violence relationship has been debated for decades, and yet most of the supportive evidence came from ecological or cross-sectional analyses with very limited long-term exposure data. We conducted an individual-level, longitudinal study to investigate the association between ambient temperature and externalizing behaviors of urban-dwelling adolescents. Participants (n = 1,287) of the Risk Factors for Antisocial Behavior Study were examined in 2000-2012 (aged 9-18 years) with repeated assessments of their externalizing behaviors (aggression; delinquency). Ambient temperature data were obtained from the local Meteorological Information System. In adjusted multi-level models, aggressive behaviors significantly increased with rising average temperatures (per 1°C-increment) in preceding 1-3 years (β = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.00, 0.46; β = 0.35, 95% CI: 0.06, 0.63; β = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.08, 0.74; respectively), equivalent to 1.5-3 years of delay in age-related behavioral maturation. These associations were slightly stronger among girls and families of lower socioeconomic status, but greatly diminished in neighborhoods with higher greenspace. No significant associations were found with delinquency. Our study provides the first individual-level epidemiologic evidence supporting the adverse association of long-term ambient temperature and aggression. Similar approaches to studying meteorology and violent crimes may further inform scientific debates on climate change and collective violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2018. Vol. 187, no 9, p. 1931-1941
Keywords [en]
Adolescence, aggression, ambient temperature, delinquency, environmental exposures, epidemiologic studies, longitudinal studies
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67102DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwy104ISI: 000443542000013PubMedID: 29788079OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-67102DiVA, id: diva2:1211220
Note

Funding Agencies:

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences  R21 ES022369  F31 ES025080  R01 ES025888 

Southern California Environmental Health Sciences Center  5P30ES007048 

National Institute of Mental Health  R01 MH058354 

Available from: 2018-05-30 Created: 2018-05-30 Last updated: 2018-09-18Bibliographically approved

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Tuvblad, Catherine

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