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Impact of mesenteric defect closure technique on complications after gastric bypass
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Surgery.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4958-1611
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro , Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Surgery.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Surgery.
2018 (English)In: Langenbeck's archives of surgery (Print), ISSN 1435-2443, E-ISSN 1435-2451, Vol. 403, no 4, p. 481-486Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Closure of mesenteric defects during laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery markedly reduces the risk for small bowel obstruction due to internal hernia. However, this procedure is associated with an increased risk for early small bowel obstruction and pulmonary complication. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether the learning curve and subsequent adaptions made to the technique have had an effect on the risk for complications.

METHODS: The results of patients operated with a primary laparoscopic gastric bypass procedure, including closure of the mesenteric defects with sutures, during a period soon after introduction (January 1, 2010-December 31, 2011) were compared to those of patients operated recently (January 1, 2014-June 30, 2017). Data were retrieved from the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry (SOReg). The main outcome was reoperation for small bowel obstruction within 30 days after surgery.

RESULTS: A total of 5444 patients were included in the first group (period 1), and 1908 in the second group (period 2). Thirty-day follow-up rates were 97.1 and 97.5% respectively. The risk for early (within 30 days) small bowel obstruction was lower in period 2 than in period 1 (13/1860, 0.7% vs. 67/5285, 1.3%, OR 0.55 (0.30-0.99), p = 0.045). The risk for pulmonary complication was also reduced (5/1860, 0.3%, vs. 41/5285, 0.8%, OR 0.34 (0.14-0.87), p = 0.019).

CONCLUSION: Closure of mesenteric defects during laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery can be performed safely and should be viewed as a routine part of that operation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 403, no 4, p. 481-486
Keywords [en]
Bariatric surgery, Postoperative complication, Small bowel obstruction, Internal hernia
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67133DOI: 10.1007/s00423-018-1684-zISI: 000435997100007PubMedID: 29858618Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85047921185OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-67133DiVA, id: diva2:1213246
Note

Funding Agencies:

Örebro County council  

Örebro University 

Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-07-24Bibliographically approved

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Stenberg, ErikSzabo, EvaOttosson, Johan

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