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Validity and test-retest reliability of the six-spot step test in persons after stroke
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. University Health Care Research Centre, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. University Health Care Research Centre, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden; Faculty of Health, Science, and Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7352-8234
Faculty of Health, Science, and Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6768-5740
2018 (English)In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After stroke, asymmetric weight distribution is common with decreased balance control in standing and walking. The six-spot step test (SSST) includes a 5-m walk during which one leg shoves wooden blocks out of circles marked on the floor, thus assessing the ability to take load on each leg. The aim of the present study was to investigate the convergent and discriminant validity and test-retest reliability of the SSST in persons with stroke.

METHODS: Eighty-one participants were included. A cross-sectional study was performed, in which the SSST was conducted twice, 3-7 days apart. Validity was investigated using measures of dynamic balance and walking. Reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient, standard error of the measurement (SEM), and smallest real difference (SRD).

RESULTS: The convergent validity was strong to moderate, and the test-retest reliability was good. The SEM% was 14.7%, and the SRD% was 40.8% based on the mean of four walks shoving twice with the paretic and twice with the non-paretic leg.

CONCLUSION: Values on random measurement error were high affecting the use of the SSST for follow-up evaluations but the SSST can be a complementary measure of gait and balance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018.
Keywords [en]
Balance, reliability, stroke, validity
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67220DOI: 10.1080/09593985.2018.1482511PubMedID: 29873590OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-67220DiVA, id: diva2:1216342
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-11 Last updated: 2018-09-14Bibliographically approved

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Arvidsson Lindvall, MialinnAnderzen-Carlsson, AgnetaForsberg, Anette

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