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The Impact of Personality Traits and Physical Punishment on Bullying
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Påverkan av personlighetsdrag och fysisk bestraffning inom mobbning (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Bullying is a phenomenon occurring all over the world. Previous research shows that youthswho are being physically punished by their parents are at higher risk for being involved inbullying. There are four groups when it comes to bullying, the neutrals, bullies, victims, andbully-victims. A limitation of previous research was that no one has examined why youthswho are being exposed to physical punishment by their parents often become a part ofbullying. Our focus was on the four bullying groups of youths in the ages 13 to 15. Weproposed that in order to understand how parents’ use of physical punishment against theiryouths is connected with being a bully or a victim at school, we need to take the personalitytraits self-esteem and impulsivity under consideration. The results showed that when parentsused physical punishment against their youths and the youths had certain personality traits,the risk for being a part of bullying increased. In conclusion, the youths were at higher risk ofbeing victims of bullying if they had low self-esteem, they were at higher risk of being bulliesif they were impulsive, and they were at higher risk of being bully-victims if they were bothimpulsive and had low self-esteem, meaning that we need to investigate further differentpersonality traits and their effect on youths bullying involvement in school.

Abstract [sv]

Mobbning är ett fenomen som inträffar över hela världen. Tidigare forskning visar att närungdomar blir fysiskt bestraffade av sina föräldrar ökar risken för inblandning i mobbning.Det finns fyra grupper när det kommer till mobbning, de neutrala, mobbare, offer och bullyvictims.En svaghet med tidigare forskning var att ingen har undersökt hur inblandning imobbning ser ut för dem som blir utsatta för fysisk bestraffning av sina föräldrar. Vårt fokusvar på de fyra grupperna inom mobbning för ungdomar mellan åldrarna 13 till 15. Viföreslår att för att förstå hur föräldrars fysiska bestraffning på sina ungdomar hängersamman med att vara mobbare eller offer i skolan, behöver man ta hänsyn till ungdomarnassjälvkänsla och impulsivitet. Resultaten visade att om föräldrar slår sina ungdomar samt omungdomarna besitter en viss typ av personlighetsdrag, ökar risken för att de blir inblandade imobbning. Sammanfattningsvis, ungdomarna riskerade att bli offer för mobbning om de hadedåligt självförtroende, de riskerade att bli mobbare om de var impulsiva, och de riskerade attbli bully-victims om de samtidigt hade dåligt självförtroende och var impulsiva. Detta innebäratt vi behöver fortsätta undersöka olika personlighetsdrag och deras påverkan på ungdomarsinblandning inom mobbning i skolan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
physical punishment, youths, bullying, bully-victims, impulsivity, self- esteem
Keywords [sv]
fysisk bestraffning, ungdomar, mobbning, offer för mobbning, bully-victims, impulsivitet, självkänsla
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67648OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-67648DiVA, id: diva2:1229946
Subject / course
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-02 Created: 2018-07-02

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CiteExportLink to record
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