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Technology, resource endowments and international competitiveness
Trade Union Institute for Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
Trade Union Institute for Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden; University of Umeå, Umeå, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2575-6114
Örebro University. Trade Union Institute for Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden; University of Umeå, Umeå, Sweden.
1999 (English)In: European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, E-ISSN 1873-572X, Vol. 43, no 8, p. 1501-1530Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper evaluates the impact of technology together with resource endowments, factor prices and economies of scale on international competitiveness in OECD countries. Knowledge capital stocks are obtained by cumulating R&D expenditure. Results show that competitiveness is determined not only by the R&D activity of the representative firm, but also by total R&D in the domestic industry as well as economywide stocks of knowledge, indicating the presence of local externalities. Competitiveness is also affected by factor prices and resource endowments as well as scale economies and learning by doing. Further results point to the importance of economies of scale in R&D internal to the firm, of the degree of openness for the capacity to utilize global spillovers and of investment for introduction of embodied technical progress. Finally, the R&D impact is higher in high- and medium- than in low-tech industries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 1999. Vol. 43, no 8, p. 1501-1530
Keywords [en]
international competitiveness, technology gap, R&D stocks, technology spillovers
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67787DOI: 10.1016/S0014-2921(98)00027-0ISI: 000081707000004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0032860026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-67787DiVA, id: diva2:1231724
Available from: 2018-07-09 Created: 2018-07-09 Last updated: 2018-07-26Bibliographically approved

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Hansson, Pär

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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