oru.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The effects of music therapy interventions in patients suffering from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A randomized cross-over pilot study
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by increasedresistance in the airways which in turn leads to dyspnea, especially during physical activity. Dyspneamay subsequently cause anxiety. Music has, according to previous studies, been seen to reduce theperception of dyspnea and anxiety during physical activity amongst patients suffering from COPD.The results are promising but however inconclusive.

Aim: The primary aim was to evaluate the impact of music therapy (MT) on physical endurance, andon respiratory and psychological symptoms during physical activity in patients clinically diagnosedwith COPD. Secondly, to explore the meaning of music on life quality for these individuals.

Methods: This study is a randomized cross-over pilot study of 10 patients with clinically diagnosedCOPD. Mixed methods, which is a combination of qualitative and quantitative design methods, wereutilized during data collection. Patient’s physical endurance was measured by a 6- minute walkingtest. Patients were randomly selected to listen to music throughout one of 2 walking tests. Basicphysiological parameters such as heart rate and oxygen saturation was measured before and after eachwalking test. In addition, questionnaires were used to measure perceived exertion, dyspnea andanxiety. Quantitative data was analyzed using paired Student´s T-test. Qualitative data was gainedthrough semi-structured interviews with patients concerning the influence of music.

Results: 10 patients were recruited for the study. Preliminary results suggest that MT waseffective in reducing perceived anxiety and dyspnea during physical exercise amongst 70 % and40 % of the patients respectively. MT has however not demonstrated an effect on physicalendurance where results proved statistically insignificant. A common factor among the studyparticipants was that music is very important in improving their life quality.

Conclusion: The study has indicated positive trends in MT being effective in reducing perceivedanxiety and dyspnea during physical exercise amongst some patients with COPD. Our findingsdo not support that music affects the tolerance for physical exercise. An important finding of thisstudy is that music plays an important role in the lives of the participants, and thus improve their lifequality. If future research confirms the effectiveness of music, the aspiration is for musicrehabilitation to be implemented in the COPD treatment program to further improve the life qualityof these patients, which is of great importance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
COPD, music, anxiety, dyspnea, exercise
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-68124DiVA, id: diva2:1235281
Subject / course
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-25 Created: 2018-07-25 Last updated: 2018-07-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(806 kB)2 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 806 kBChecksum SHA-512
06038aa6a79c0f1dbf44a26b16e4b45e343a93e1492088a2b4a0cca632463cb32121d303f9f4051cba87ddbf1f9b97f8e65c1b31d42c8a308a92e1ab7ea9056e
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
School of Medical Sciences
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 2 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 7 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf