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Escalation of commitment as an antecedent to noncompliance with information security policy
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Department of Informatics, Lunds universitet, Ekonomihögskolan, Lund, Sweden.
Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Företagsekonomiska Institutionen, Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: Information and Computer Security, ISSN 2056-4961, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 171-193Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study aims to identify antecedents to noncompliance behavior influenced by decision contexts where investments in time, effort and resources are devoted to a task - referred to as a task unlikely to be completed without violating the organization's information security policy (ISP).

Design/methodology/approach: An empirical test of the suggested relationships in the proposed model was conducted through a field study using the survey method for data collection. Pre-tests, pre-study, main study and a follow-up study compose the frame of our methodology where more than 500 respondents are involved across different organizations.

Findings: The results confirm that the antecedents that explain the escalation of commitment behavior in terms of the effect of lost assets, such as time, effort and other resources, give us a new lens to understand noncompliance behavior; employees seem to escalate their commitments to the completion of their tasks at the expense of becoming noncompliant with ISP.

Research limitations/implications: One of the key areas that requires further attention from this study is to better understand the role of risk perceptions on employee behavior when dealing with value conflicts. Depending on how risk-averse or risk seeking an employee is, the model showed no significant support in either case to influence their noncompliance behavior. The authors therefore argue that employees' noncompliance may be influenced by more powerful beliefs, such as self-justification and sunk costs.

Practical implications: The results show that when employees are caught in tasks undergoing difficulties, they are more likely to increase noncompliance behavior. By understanding better how project obstacles result in such tasks, security managers can define new mechanisms to counter employees' shift from compliance to noncompliance.

Social implications: Apart from encouraging compliance with enforcement mechanisms (using direct behavioral controls like sanctions or rewards), indirect behavior controls may also encourage compliance. The authors suggest that the ISPs should state that the organization would take positive actions toward task completion and help their employees to resolve their problems quickly.

Originality/value: This study is the first to tackle escalation of commitment theories and use antecedents that explain the effect of lost assets, such as time, effort and other resources can also explain noncompliance with ISP in terms of the value conflicts, where employees would often choose to forego compliance at the expense of finishing their tasks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018. Vol. 26, no 2, p. 171-193
Keywords [en]
Prospect theory, Information security policy, Approach avoidance theory, Employee's noncompliance behaviour, Escalation of commitment behaviour, Self-justification theory
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68486DOI: 10.1108/ICS-09-2017-0066ISI: 000439563900003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85049889835OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-68486DiVA, id: diva2:1239009
Available from: 2018-08-15 Created: 2018-08-15 Last updated: 2018-09-13Bibliographically approved

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Kajtazi, Miranda

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
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Output format
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