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Beverage consumption patterns and energy contribution from beverages per meal type: results from a national dietary survey in Sweden
Örebro University, School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts & Meal Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2435-3869
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Granada, Spain; Department of Food Studies, Nutrition and Dietetics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0529-379X
School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts and Meal Science, Örebro University, Grythyttan, Sweden; Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolian University, Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8675-6284
School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts and Meal Science, Örebro University, Grythyttan, Sweden; Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 21, no 18, p. 3318-3327Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Many studies of food intake have been performed and published in Sweden, but to our knowledge no studies have extensively explored the beverage consumption of the Swedish adult population. The present study aimed to describe the beverage consumption and the contribution of beverage energy (including alcohol energy) to total energy intake according to gender, region of living, meal type and day for a Swedish adult population.

Design: National dietary survey Riksmaten (2010–2011), collected by the Swedish National Food Agency.

Setting: Sweden.

Subjects: A total of 1682 participants (57 % women) reported dietary intake data during four consecutive days, specified by portion size, meal, time point, day of the week and venue. Meals were categorized as breakfast, lunch, dinner and ‘other’.

Result: The beverage reported to be consumed the most was water (ml/d), followed by coffee. Men had a higher consumption of juice, soft drinks, beer, spirits and low-alcohol beer, while the consumption of tea and water was higher for women. For both genders, milk contributed the most to beverage energy intake. Energy percentage from beverages was higher at lunch and dinner during weekends for both genders. Participants from the biggest cities in Sweden had a higher consumption of wine for both genders and tea for men than participants from other regions.

Conclusions: A considerable part of total energy intake was contributed by beverages, especially for men. Beverages can contribute to a more enjoyable diet, but at the same time provide energy, sugar and alcohol in amounts that do not promote optimal health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2018. Vol. 21, no 18, p. 3318-3327
Keywords [en]
Beverage consumption, Food habits, National dietary surveys, Weekday weekend, Adults, Alcoholic intake, Riksmaten
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Culinary Arts and Meal Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69439DOI: 10.1017/S1368980018002537ISI: 000454696300004PubMedID: 30295227OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-69439DiVA, id: diva2:1254405
Note

Funding Agency:

Örebro University 

Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Scander, Henrik

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