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Capturing complexity: Forests, decision-making and climate change mitigation action
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology, Uppsala, Sweden.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology, Uppsala, Sweden.
Linnaeus University, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Växsjö, Sweden.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Aquatic Resources and Assessment, Uppsala, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 52, p. 238-247Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Managed forests can play an important role in climate change mitigation due to their capacity to sequester carbon. However, it has proven difficult to harness their full potential for climate change mitigation. Managed forests are often referred to as socio-ecological systems as the human dimension is an integral part of the system. When attempting to change systems that are influenced by factors such as collective knowledge, social organization, understanding of the situation and values represented in society, initial intentions often shift due to the complexity of political, social and scientific interactions. Currently, the scientific literature is dispersed over the different factors related to the socio-ecological system. To examine the level of dispersion and to obtain a holistic view, we review climate change mitigation in the context of Swedish forest research. We introduce a heuristic framework to understand decision-making connected to climate change mitigation. We apply our framework to two themes which span different dimensions in the socio-ecological system: carbon accounting and bioenergy. A key finding in the literature was the perception that current uncertainties regarding the reliability of different methods of carbon accounting inhibits international agreement on the use of forests for climate change mitigation. This feeds into a strategic obstacle affecting the willingness of individual countries to implement forest-related carbon emission reduction policies. Decisions on the utilization of forests for bioenergy are impeded by a lack of knowledge regarding the resultant biophysical and social consequences. This interacts negatively with the development of institutional incentives regarding the production of bioenergy using forest products. Normative disagreement about acceptable forest use further affects these scientific discussions and therefore is an over-arching influence on decision-making. With our framework, we capture this complexity and make obstacles to decision-making more transparent to enable their more effective resolution. We have identified the main research areas concerned with the use of managed forest in climate change mitigation and the obstacles that are connected to decision making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 52, p. 238-247
Keywords [en]
Adaptation, Forest industry, Forestry, Global change, Governance, Socio-ecological system, adaptive management, bioenergy, carbon emission, carbon sequestration, climate change, complexity, decision making, emission control, forest ecosystem, governance approach, international agreement, pollution policy, strategic approach, Sweden
National Category
Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries Ecology Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Sociology; Biologi med ekologisk inriktning; Enviromental Science; Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69678DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.07.012ISI: 000449444900022Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85051138787OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-69678DiVA, id: diva2:1257089
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Note

Funding Agencies:

Swedish Forestry Industry  

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)  

Umeå University  

Forestry Research Institute of Sweden 

Available from: 2018-10-18 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2018-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Capturing complexity: Forests, decision-making and climate change mitigation action(2389 kB)137 downloads
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Lidskog, Rolf

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