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Effektivisering av internt materialflöde
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Streamlining of internal material flow (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie har undersökt ett av Meritors interna materialflöden. Företaget hade uppfattningen om att många icke värdehöjande aktiviteter utfördes i flödet, vilket går emot deras produktionsfilosofi som bygger på lean. Uppdraget var därför att kartlägga flödets nuvarande tillstånd för att sedan djupare analysera och identifiera ingående aktiviteter och arbetssätt vilka ansågs kunde effektiviseras eller elimineras. Via observationer, intervjuer och med hjälp av teoretiska verktyg anskaffade från en litteraturstudie, kartlades och analyserades hela materialflödet för att sedan framhäva metodförbättringar som skulle kunna öka effektiviteten.

Den huvudsakliga observationen som gjordes var att onödiga transporter uppkom i och med hur nuvarande arbetssätt såg ut. Genom att bland annat införa styrning över när materialet ska omlagras och utforma en bättre artikelplacering i lagren skulle transporter och därmed tid som i dagsläget läggs ned på dessa aktiviteter kunna reduceras.

Vidare framhävdes aktiviteter som uppstod i och med att material inte levererades till fabriken i egenskap av hur nuvarande produktions- och logistiksystem är uppbyggt. Möjligheten att få hem samtligt material i rätt emballage som direkt kan integreras i flödet kräver fortsatt utredning men detta skulle kunna vara en del i att göra besparingar och effektivisera flödet.

Abstract [en]

This study has investigated one of Meritor’s internal material flows. The company had the perception that many non-value-adding activities were carried out in the flow, which is contrary to their production philosophy which is based on lean. The assignment was therefore to map the current state of the material flow and analyze the ingoing activities further to point out working methods and activities that could be streamlined or completely eliminated. Through observations, interviews and the use of theoretical tools obtained from a literature study, the whole material flow was mapped and analyzed where suggestions of improvements were presented which could lead to a more streamlined flow.

The main observation that was made from the current way of working was that many unnecessary transports occurred. To, inter alia introduce a control over when the martial is to be repositioned and also design a better placement for the articles in the warehouses, transports and thus time that is currently put down into these activities could be reduced.

Furthermore were activities highlighted that arose due to that the material was not delivered to the factory in the packing which the production- and logistics system were built around. The possibility to get all deliveries in the right packing and directly integrate the material into the flow requires further investigation but this could be a part of making savings and streamlining the flow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 71
Keywords [en]
Material flow, waste, streamlining, logistics
Keywords [sv]
Materialflöde, slöseri, effektivisering, logistik
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69849OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-69849DiVA, id: diva2:1258692
Subject / course
Mechanical Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-10-25 Created: 2018-10-25 Last updated: 2018-10-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf