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Lack of association in acne and salivary testosterone
Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Infection.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8813-0384
Department of Clinical Chemistry and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Clinical Chemistry and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6681-0546
2018 (English)In: Journal of controversies in biomedical research, ISSN 2205-5975, Vol. 4, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The pathogenesis of acne vulgaris has only been partially elucidated. Various hormones, especially androgens, are likely to play a role, but results of studies are still inconclusive. The objective of the current study was to investigate whether day to day variation in salivary testosterone correlates with acne in males. Saliva samples were collected for 120 consecutive days from each of the 40 males. Salivary testosterone concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Facial acne lesions were assessed on a daily basis by photography by the participating males. Potential confounders’ (sexual intercourse, masturbation, physical exercise and disease) were also registered every day by the participants. A significant but weak association between salivary testosterone and acne was found (n = 4602, r = 0.031, P = 0.034). Elevated testosterone concentrations were associated with an increase in acne, but when testosterone concentrations were above twice the individual average, acne lesions paradoxically decreased. The current results indicate that daily fluctuations in salivary testosterone levels in males are associated with acne patterns, but the weak correlation suggests that the effect is too small to be of clinical significance. The analysis in the current study was complicated by a large number of days on which the participants had no acne, as well as the seemingly non-monotonic relation between testosterone and acne. This may indicate that the actual relation is stronger than concluded here.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Codon Publications , 2018. Vol. 4, no 1
Keywords [en]
testosterone, acne, saliva
National Category
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70170DOI: 10.15586/jcbmr.2018.25OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-70170DiVA, id: diva2:1263218
Available from: 2018-11-14 Created: 2018-11-14 Last updated: 2019-02-11Bibliographically approved

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Ingberg, EdvinStröm, Jakob O.

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