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Anxiety after coeliac disease diagnosis predicts mucosal healing: a population-based study
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Paediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, City Hospital, Nottingham, UK; Department of Medicine, Celiac Disease Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, USA.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1024-5602
Department of Medicine, Celiac Disease Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, USA.
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Internal Medicine, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston Massachusetts, USA.
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2018 (English)In: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, ISSN 0269-2813, E-ISSN 1365-2036, Vol. 48, no 10, p. 1091-1098Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Coeliac disease has been linked to anxiety and depression. However, their association with mucosal healing is unknown.

Aim: To examine the relationship between anxiety, depression and mucosal healing in coeliac disease.

Methods: Between 1969 and 2008, we collected data on all small intestinal biopsies with villous atrophy from Sweden's 28 pathology departments. We restricted our cohort to individuals with data on follow-up biopsy (either persistent villous atrophy [n = 3317] or mucosal healing [n = 4331]). Through Cox regression, we estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for anxiety or depression.

Results: Conclusion APPENDIX During follow-up, 123 (2.8/1000 person-years) individuals with mucosal healing had developed anxiety, compared to 94 (2.1/1000 person-years) with persistent villous atrophy. Mucosal healing was hence associated with a higher risk of future anxiety (HR = 1.49; 95% CI = 1.12-1.96). Similarly, 167 (3.8/1000 person-years) individuals with mucosal healing developed depression, compared to 148 (3.3/1000 person-years) with persistent villous atrophy, corresponding to a HR of 1.25 (95% CI = 0.99-1.59). Mucosal healing was more common in individuals with prior diagnoses of anxiety or depression before follow-up biopsy. Anxiety diagnosed between diagnostic and follow-up biopsy for coeliac disease was associated with an almost nine-fold increased chance of mucosal healing (odds ratio = 8.94; 95%CI = 2.03-39.27).

Conclusion: Anxiety and depression are more common in coeliac disease patients with mucosal healing, both before and after follow-up biopsy, an association potentially mediated through more vigilant compliance with a gluten-free diet. This finding raises concern that achieving the goal of mucosal healing may come at a cost of an increased risk of mood disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018. Vol. 48, no 10, p. 1091-1098
National Category
Gastroenterology and Hepatology Pharmacology and Toxicology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70301DOI: 10.1111/apt.14991ISI: 000449555100005PubMedID: 30288774Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85054488273OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-70301DiVA, id: diva2:1265406
Funder
The Karolinska Institutet's Research FoundationSwedish Research CouncilStockholm County Council
Note

Funding Agency:

Örebro University Hospital

Available from: 2018-11-23 Created: 2018-11-23 Last updated: 2018-11-23Bibliographically approved

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Ludvigsson, Jonas F.

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