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Sources of stress and worry in the development of stress-related mental health problems: A longitudinal investigation from early- to mid-adolescence
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6014-5226
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9429-9012
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Department of Social and Psychological Studies: Psychology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, ISSN 1061-5806, E-ISSN 1477-2205, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 155-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stress and stress-related mental health complaints are common and increasing among adolescents, especially girls. Identifying typical sources of stress as well as central intervention targets is an important effort in the development of effective prevention and treatment protocols. This study investigated worry as potential mediator in the development of mental health problems in response to common stressors in adolescence. We also examined to what sources adolescents ascribe their stress over the years from the 7th through the 9th grade.

DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.

METHODS: Self-reported subjective stressor load, worry, anxiety and depressive symptoms were assessed in a sample of Swedish 7th graders (N = 1137; 46% girls, mean age 13.2) with follow-up assessments one and two years later.

RESULTS: School was the most common source of stress across all time-points, with girls reporting considerable more stress than boys. Worry mediated the relationship between overall stressor load and depressive symptoms and anxiety over time and was not moderated by gender.

CONCLUSIONS: Worry may be an important target in stress prevention and efforts to prevent stress-related problems would benefit from focusing on early adolescence as especially school stress is already relatively common in grade 7.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019. Vol. 32, no 2, p. 155-167
Keywords [en]
Stress, adolescence, anxiety, depressive symptoms, worry
National Category
Psychology Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70348DOI: 10.1080/10615806.2018.1549657ISI: 000457241400003PubMedID: 30465445Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85057340641OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-70348DiVA, id: diva2:1266039
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012-00065Available from: 2018-11-27 Created: 2018-11-27 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved

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Anniko, MalinBoersma, Katja

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  • apa
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