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Increased risk of herpes zoster in patients with coeliac disease - nationwide cohort study
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Paediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, UK; Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, USA.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1024-5602
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Immunology, Mayo Clinic, USA.
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Immunology, Mayo Clinic, USA.
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Immunology, Mayo Clinic, USA.
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, no 8, p. 859-866Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and aims: Clinical experience suggests that patients with coeliac disease (CD) are more prone to develop herpes zoster (HZ), but robust studies are lacking.

Methods: We identified 29,064 patients with CD 1969-2008 using biopsy report data from Sweden's 28 pathology departments. CD was equalled to villous atrophy (Marsh histopathology grade III). Each patient was matched on age, sex, calendar year and county of residence to up to five reference individuals (n=144,342) from the general population. We then used Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for future HZ (defined as having a hospital-based inpatient or outpatient record of this diagnosis in the Swedish Patient Register).

Results: During follow-up, 154 (0.53%) individuals with CD and 499 (0.35%) reference individuals developed HZ. Among individuals aged >= 60 years, 1.06% of CD individuals and 0.85% of reference individuals had a lifetime record of HZ. Overall, CD was associated with a 1.62-fold increased risk of HZ (95% CI=1.35-1.95), and was seen also when we considered comorbidity with lymphoproliferative disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, type 1 diabetes, thyroid disease, rheumatoid disease and excluded individuals with a record of dermatitis herpetiformis. The increased risk remained significant after more than five years of follow-up (1.46; 1.16-1.84)

Conclusions: CD is associated with HZ, the increased relative risk persists over time from celiac diagnosis but the absolute risk is small.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018. Vol. 46, no 8, p. 859-866
Keywords [en]
Celiac, coeliac, cohort
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70862DOI: 10.1177/1403494817714713ISI: 000452310700010PubMedID: 28701089Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042074686OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-70862DiVA, id: diva2:1275890
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved

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Ludvigsson, Jonas F.

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