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A study of retrieval processes in action memory for school-aged children: the impact of recall period and difficulty on action memory
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Health and Medical Psychology (CHAMP))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6438-3800
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Health and Medical Psychology (CHAMP))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9862-3032
Department of Psychology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 30, no 8, p. 792-802Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research in action memory for adults has shown that enacted encoding is not only retrieved more frequently but is also faster in comparison to verbal encoding. The aim of this study was to investigate retrieval processes in terms of recall period and recall difficulty for different encoding conditions in school-aged children (8-, 10-, 12-, 14-years old). The participants studied verbal tasks, subject-performed tasks and experimenter-performed tasks, and received immediate and final free-recall tests. The results revealed that older children not only outperformed younger children in terms of accuracy but also outpaced them in all recall periods. Moreover, recalls of subject-performed tasks and experimenter-performed tasks were better and faster compared with verbal encoding on both types of recall test, by increasing throughout the recall periods. These results are discussed in terms of memory strategies and information processing methods. Pedagogic implications for the use of action memory in children's learning are also considered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018. Vol. 30, no 8, p. 792-802
Keywords [en]
Action memory, free recall, recall difficulty, recall period, school-aged children
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71167DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2018.1535495ISI: 000453396000003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85055274654OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-71167DiVA, id: diva2:1276408
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Badinlou, FarzanehKormi-Nouri, Reza

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  • apa
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