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Making Testers out of Teachers: the work of a Swedish State Research Institute 1946–1956
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8173-7474
2019 (English)In: History of Education, ISSN 0046-760X, E-ISSN 1464-5130Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Between 1946 and 1956, the Swedish Psychological and Pedagogical Institute (SPPI) organised several summer courses for the purpose of training teachers in intelligence testing. The aim of the courses was to make these teachers the first gatekeepers who would meet and direct the youngest pupils into ordinary classes or into special classes. This paper investigates the course leaders and the participants in these courses, as well as the content taught. It is argued that these testing courses are examples of a shift in assessment in education from trusting teachers’ ‘judgements’ of pupils’ skills and abilities to externally standardising the ‘measure’ of these merits. It is also argued that researchers and teachers were part of a larger change in the politics of IQ. SPPI’s role within this process was that of a new and modern institution serving society: making IQ testing a public familiarity and the stratification of children that often followed from it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Intelligence testing, teacher assessments, research-based education, school reform, Sweden
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71790DOI: 10.1080/0046760X.2019.1565422OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-71790DiVA, id: diva2:1281993
Available from: 2019-01-23 Created: 2019-01-23 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf