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Relationen mellan kroppsideal och valet av träningsform
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The Relationship Between the Ideal-Body and Choice of Exercise (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om det fanns någonassociation mellan ett visst kroppsideal och valet av träningsform,samt att undersöka om det fanns en skillnad mellan män och kvinnorgällande kroppsideal och valet av träningsform. Syftet var även attundersöka om det finns en variation i viljan att framstå som perfekt(perfektionistisk självpresentation) mellan olika träningsformer samtmellan de olika könen. För att undersöka detta utfördes entvärsnittsstudie med enkäter med sammanlagt 82 deltagare, varav 42var män. Deltagarnas ålder varierade mellan 18 och 42 år med enmedelålder av 25.6 år. Resultatet visade att det fanns ett tydligtkroppsideal för männen respektive kvinnorna. Den mest valdaträningsformen bland båda könen var styrketräning, men det varnågot vanligare bland männen. För män som valt ett muskulöst idealvar det vanligast att träna styrketräning. För kvinnor som valt ettkurvigt ideal var det också mest vanligt med styrketräning, men detvar mer vanligt att träna konditionsträning än för männen. I viljan attframstå som perfekt fanns ingen signifikant skillnad mellan de olikaträningsformerna, men det fanns en signifikant skillnad mellan deolika könen. Sammanfattningsvis kunde vi konstatera att kroppsidealtill viss del är kopplat till vad man väljer för träningsform samt attkvinnorna i studien tenderade att ligga högre i viljan att framstå somperfekt.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine whether there was anassociation between a certain body-image and the choice of exercise,and to examine whether there was a difference between men andwomen. The second aim was also to examine whether there was anyvariation in the tendency to display a perfect self in front of othersbetween the different exercise types and whether there were anygender differences. To investigate this we performed a cross-sectionalstudy with questionnaires with 82 participants. There were 42 menand 40 women in the study and their ages ranged between 18 and 42years old. The results showed that there was a clear ideal-body forboth men and women. The mostly chosen exercise form for bothgenders were weight-training, but it was somewhat more common formen. For men who chose a muscular ideal-body it was mostlycommon to choose weight-training. For women who chose a curvyideal-body it was also most common with weight-training, although itwas more common with aerobic exercise. In the tendency to display aperfect self, there was no significant difference between the differentexercise types, but there was a significant difference between men andwomen. In conclusion, it seems that body-ideal is associated with thechoice of exercise form in some manner. Women tend to display aperfect self in front of others somewhat more than men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
self-presentation, body-image, ideal-body exercise, exercise-choice, perfectionism
Keywords [sv]
self-presentation, kroppsideal, träning, perfektionism, träningsval
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72396OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-72396DiVA, id: diva2:1287702
Subject / course
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11

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