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”Vad hade du på dig?”: En studie om våldtäktsmyter
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Våldtäktsoffer bemöts av samhället med vissa föreställningar om hur de bör ha agerat vid utsattheten. Detta leder till minskad offerstatus, särbehandling inom rättsväsendet, minskad anmälningsbenägenhet med mera. Få studier om ämnet har utförts i Sverige. Syftet med studien var att undersöka studenters attityder till offrets ansvar vid våldtäkt. Det undersöktes även om manliga och kvinnliga studenters attityder skiljde sig i detta, samt om bekantskapen mellan offer och förövare påverkade attityden. En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie utformades och 262 studenter deltog i en webbaserad enkätundersökning. Resultatet visade att manliga studenter i större utsträckning än kvinnliga anklagade offret för dess utsatthet. Offret tilldelades mer skuld när gärningsmannen var obekant än när den var bekant. Det återfanns även en interaktionseffekt mellan studentens kön och gärningsmannens relation med offret. Sammanfattningsvis skuldbelägger manliga studenter offret mer för dess utsatthet än kvinnor. Ämnet är aktuellt och kräver ett löpande arbete för att förebygga våldtäktsmyter.

Abstract [en]

Rape victims are many times met by the police, the justice system and society as a whole with skepticism. This results in a loss of status as a victim and an overall tendency to not report the crime. To date, few studies have been conducted in Sweden on this topic. The purpose with the present study was to examine students’ attitudes regarding rape victims’ responsibility during rape. It was also examined if male and female students differ in their attitudes, and if they also differ in their attitudes when the victim and the perpetrator are acquainted with each other. A quantitative cross-sectional study was carried out, and 262 students participated in a web-based questionnaire. The results showed that male students to a larger extent blamed the victims for their role in the rape. The victims were also assigned greater blame when the perpetrator and the victim didn’t know each other. An interaction between the student’s gender and that the perpetrator was a stranger was found. The conclusion is that male students blame the victims to a much larger extent than female students. Thus, there is a dire need to continue the important work to end rape myths across society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
rape, victim, acquaintance, myth, guilt, attitude
Keywords [sv]
våldtäkt, offer, bekantskap, myt, skuld, attityd
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72463OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-72463DiVA, id: diva2:1288714
Subject / course
Criminology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-14 Created: 2019-02-14 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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