oru.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Biomedical, psychological, environmental and behavioural factors associated with adult obesity in a nationally representative sample
Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK; ESRC Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies, Institute of Education, University College London, London, UK.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, London, UK; Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. (Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6328-5494
ESRC Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies, Institute of Education, University College London, London, UK.
Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK; BI: Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1741-3842, E-ISSN 1741-3850, article id fdz009Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To identify personality, biomedical and behavioural factors associated with adult obesity in a large longitudinal sample.

METHOD: In total, 5360 participants with data on personality, neurological functioning, maternal smoking during pregnancy, education and occupation, physical exercise, adult self-reported BMI and obesity were included in the study. Obesity at 55 years was the outcome variable.

RESULTS: The rates of obesity increased from 9.5 to 22.8% from age 33 to 55 years. Logistic regression analyses (adjusted estimates) showed that childhood neurological functioning (OR = 1.32: 1.07-1.63, P < 0.01), maternal smoking during pregnancy (OR = 1.42: 1.22-1.65, P < 0.001), educational qualifications (OR = 0.54: 0.37-0.79, P < 0.01), trait conscientiousness (OR = 0.80:0.74-0.86, P < 0.001) and physical exercise (OR = 0.87: 0.82-0.92, P < 0.001) were significant predictors of obesity at age 55 years for both men and women. Trait extraversion for men (OR = 1.16: 1.07-1.26, P < 0.001) and trait emotional stability for women (OR = 0.90: 0.82-0.99, P < 0.05) were also significant predictors of the outcome variable.

CONCLUSION: Biomedical, psychological, environmental and behavioural factors were all associated with adult obesity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019. article id fdz009
Keywords [en]
Childhood neurological conditions, longitudinal, maternal smoking, obesity, personality traits, physical exercise
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-72882DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdz009PubMedID: 30799484OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-72882DiVA, id: diva2:1293238
Available from: 2019-03-04 Created: 2019-03-04 Last updated: 2019-03-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records BETA

Montgomery, Scott

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Montgomery, Scott
By organisation
School of Medical Sciences
In the same journal
Journal of Public Health
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 113 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf