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Body dissatisfaction in women’s artistic gymnastics: A longitudinal study of psychosocial indicators
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Governador Valadares, Brazil.
Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 35, no 17, p. 1745-1751Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Body dissatisfaction is prevalent in women’s artistic gymnastics (WAG). Cross-sectional research points to social and individual risk factors, however it does not account for potential changes in body dissatisfaction during an athletic season. This study aimed to determine how gymnasts’ body dissatisfaction, risk factors for eating disorders, media internalisation, perfectionism and mood state change during pre-competition, competition and post-competition seasons and to identify how these psychosocial indicators impact on body dissatisfaction during the athletic year. The sample consisted of 20 Brazilian elite women’s artistic gymnasts aged 10–16 years. Data were obtained from a 9-month study using: Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ); Eating Attitude Test-26; Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3); Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS); Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) and triceps and subscapular skinfolds. Body dissatisfaction was higher during the competition season and disordered eating, perfectionism and vigour values were higher in the pre-competition season. Disordered eating has been found as the strongest predictor of body dissatisfaction during all seasons, and mood state partly contributed to body dissatisfaction in the competitive season. Stakeholders should understand that body dissatisfaction and the prevalence of disordered eating may change over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017. Vol. 35, no 17, p. 1745-1751
Keywords [en]
adolescents, aesthetic sports, Body dissatisfaction, competitive period, eating disorders, adipose tissue, adolescent, affect, body image, child, competitive behavior, eating disorder, female, human, longitudinal study, perfectionism, physical education, psychology, risk factor, social media, Feeding and Eating Disorders, Gymnastics, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Risk Factors
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-73059DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1235794ISI: 000403677700011PubMedID: 27690759Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84989882754OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-73059DiVA, id: diva2:1295119
Available from: 2019-03-10 Created: 2019-03-10 Last updated: 2019-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Barker-Ruchti, Natalie

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