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Nutritional Considerations for Healthy Aging and Reduction in Age-Related Chronic Disease
The Sackler Institute for Nutrition Science at the New York Academy of Sciences, New York, NY.
Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.
World Food Center, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA.
Department of Clinical Laboratory and Nutritional Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA.
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2017 (English)In: Advances in Nutrition, ISSN 2161-8313, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 17-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A projected doubling in the global population of people aged ≥60 y by the year 2050 has major health and economic implications, especially in developing regions. Burdens of unhealthy aging associated with chronic noncommunicable and other age-related diseases may be largely preventable with lifestyle modification, including diet. However, as adults age they become at risk of "nutritional frailty," which can compromise their ability to meet nutritional requirements at a time when specific nutrient needs may be high. This review highlights the role of nutrition science in promoting healthy aging and in improving the prognosis in cases of age-related diseases. It serves to identify key knowledge gaps and implementation challenges to support adequate nutrition for healthy aging, including applicability of metrics used in body-composition and diet adequacy for older adults and mechanisms to reduce nutritional frailty and to promote diet resilience. This review also discusses management recommendations for several leading chronic conditions common in aging populations, including cognitive decline and dementia, sarcopenia, and compromised immunity to infectious disease. The role of health systems in incorporating nutrition care routinely for those aged ≥60 y and living independently and current actions to address nutritional status before hospitalization and the development of disease are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The American Society for Nutrition , 2017. Vol. 8, no 1, p. 17-26
Keywords [en]
age-related disease, aging, chronic disease, cognitive decline, health care, nutrition, risk factors, sarcopenia
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74046DOI: 10.3945/an.116.013474ISI: 000398106200003PubMedID: 28096124Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85011289595OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-74046DiVA, id: diva2:1313956
Available from: 2019-05-07 Created: 2019-05-07 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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Freund-Levi, Yvonne

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  • apa
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