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The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Child (SPQ-C): Psychometric properties and relations to behavioral problems with multi-informant ratings
University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
University of College London, Institute of Education, Department of Psychology and Human Development, London, UK.
University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
University of Pennsylvania, Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
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2019 (English)In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 275, p. 204-211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) is one of the most widely used screening tools for schizotypy in adults. The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Child version (SPQ-C) was recently developed to assess schizotypy in children and has a similar three-factor structure to the adult SPQ (i.e., Cognitive-Perceptual, Interpersonal-Affective, and Disorganization). However, few studies to date have reported on the psychometric properties and the usefulness of the SPQ-C in Eastern populations, including Mainland China. This study presents the first psychometric assessment of the Chinese SPQ-C in Mainland China. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used to assess the factor structure of the SPQ-C in 1668 children (M = 12.10, SD = 0.60 years) from the China Jintan Child Cohort Study. Our findings document a three-factor structure and partial measurement invariance across residential location and gender, replicating the psychometric properties of the SPQ-C in English. The Chinese SPQ-C further correlates with standard behavioral problems (i.e., Child Behavior Checklist, Youth Self-Report and Teacher Report Form), demonstrating construct validity and utility as a child psychopathology assessment tool. Our findings provide the first robust psychometric evidence for a three-factor structure of the Chinese SPQ-C in a large Mainland Chinese sample, and suggest that the SPQ-C is suitable as a screening tool for schizotypy in community children who may be at risk for behavioral problems and later psychosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 275, p. 204-211
Keywords [en]
Behavior problems, Child, Chinese, Externalizing, Internalizing, Psychometric analysis, Schizotypal personality disorder, Schizotypy
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74210DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.03.006ISI: 000469156400029PubMedID: 30928723Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85063466117OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-74210DiVA, id: diva2:1315051
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01041
Note

Funding Agencies:

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences  

National Institutes of Health  R01-ES-018858  K02-ES-019878  K01-ES015877 

Available from: 2019-05-10 Created: 2019-05-10 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved

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Tuvblad, Catherine

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