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Body Dissatisfaction in Adolescent Boys
Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States.
Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States.
Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States.
Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University, United States.
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2019 (English)In: Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0012-1649, E-ISSN 1939-0599, Vol. 55, no 7, p. 1566-1578Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Body dissatisfaction is a significant mental health symptom present in adolescent girls and boys. However, it is often either disregarded in adolescent boys or examined using assessments that may not resonate with males. The present study addresses these issues, examining the manifestation, etiology, and correlates of 3 facets of body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys. Adolescent male twins aged 16- to 17-years-old from the Swedish Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development were included along with a female comparison group: 915 monozygotic and 671 dizygotic same-sex twins. Body dissatisfaction was defined using measures of height dissatisfaction, muscle dissatisfaction, and the body dissatisfaction subscale of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-BD). We examined the prevalence of body dissatisfaction, whether the facets of body dissatisfaction were phenotypically and etiologically distinct, and associations with specific externalizing and internalizing symptoms. For boys, muscle dissatisfaction scores were greater than height dissatisfaction scores. Results also indicated that height and muscle dissatisfaction were phenotypically and etiologically distinct from the EDI-BD. Unique associations were observed with externalizing and internalizing symptoms: muscle dissatisfaction with symptoms of bulimia nervosa and the EDI-BD with internalizing symptoms, body mass index, and drive for thinness. The facets of body dissatisfaction were also largely distinct in girls and unique between-sex associations with externalizing and internalizing symptoms emerged. Overall, male-oriented aspects of body dissatisfaction are distinct from female-oriented aspects of body dissatisfaction. To capture the full picture of male body dissatisfaction, multiple facets must be addressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2019. Vol. 55, no 7, p. 1566-1578
Keywords [en]
body dissatisfaction, muscle dissatisfaction, height dissatisfaction, adolescence
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75217DOI: 10.1037/dev0000724ISI: 000472152900019PubMedID: 30985163Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85064337356OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-75217DiVA, id: diva2:1339157
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 538-2013-8864
Note

Funding Agencies:Shire

Pearson     NIH K01MH106675 

Available from: 2019-07-26 Created: 2019-07-26 Last updated: 2019-07-26Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, Henrik

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