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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Medication and Unintentional Injuries in Children and Adolescents.
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6851-3297
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 0890-8567, E-ISSN 1527-5418Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether ADHD medication is associated with a decreased risk of unintentional injuries in children and adolescents in the United States across sexes, age groups and injury types.

METHOD: We used de-identified inpatient, outpatient, and filled prescription claims data from the Truven Health MarketScan® Research Databases. Individuals were followed from January 1, 2005, date of first ADHD diagnosis or medication prescription, or age 6, whichever occurred last, until December 31, 2014, first healthcare insurance disenrollment, or the first year at which their age was recorded as 19, whichever occurred first. A person was considered on ADHD medication during a given month if a prescription was filled in that month. The outcome was defined as emergency department visits for injuries, including traumatic brain injuries, with unintentional causes. Odds of having the outcome were compared between medicated and un-medicated months at the population-level and in within-individual analyses using logistic regression.

RESULTS: Among 1 968 146 individuals diagnosed with ADHD or receiving ADHD medication, 87 154 had at least one event. At the population-level, medication use was associated a lower risk of injuries, both in boys (OR= 0.85; 95% CI: 0.84-0.86) and girls (OR=0.87; 95% CI: 0.85-0.89). Similar results were obtained from within-individual analysis among male (OR= 0.72; 95% CI: 0.70-0.74) and female (OR= 0.72; 95% CI: 0.69-0.75) children, and among male (OR= 0.64; 95% CI: 0.60-0.67) and female (OR= 0.65; 95% CI: 0.60-0.71) adolescents. Similar results were found for traumatic brain injuries.

CONCLUSION: ADHD medication use was associated with a reduction of different types of unintentional injuries in children and adolescents of both sexes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Children, attention-deficit disorder with hyperactivity/drug therapy
National Category
Psychiatry Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75591DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2019.06.010PubMedID: 31302218OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-75591DiVA, id: diva2:1343517
Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-16 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, Henrik

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