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Depressive symptoms and non-suicidal self-injury during adolescence: Latent patterns of short-term stability and change
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6879-3022
University of British Columbia, Canada.
University College West, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 75, p. 163-174Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Depressive symptoms and non-suicidal self-injury not only increase in prevalence during adolescence, but they can also occur together. Both psychological problems seem to have similar precipitating conditions, suggesting they have transdiagnostic conditions-personal or contextual characteristics that contribute to co-occurrence. We sought to understand when these two problems co-occur and what is related to their co-occurrence.

METHODS:  = 13.65 years, SD = 0.64), 53.7% boys and 47.3% girls. Most of the adolescents were Swedish (89%), with parents who were married or cohabitating (68%). We also examined the transitions between profiles over time.

RESULTS: Our results suggest that during this time frame, depressive symptoms and self-injury tend to emerge and stabilize or abate together. We also examined a broad array of predictors, including individual characteristics, emotion dysregulation, experiences with friends, parents' negative reactions to behavior, and school stress. The significant unique predictors suggest that adolescents who reported being subjected to relational aggression, having negative experiences while drinking, and low self-esteem had a greater probability of moving from moderate to high levels or maintaining high levels of depressive symptoms and self-injury, compared to adolescents classified in the other statuses.

CONCLUSIONS: Focusing on negative interpersonal experiences and selfesteem as transdiagnostic conditions may guide research and aid clinicians in supporting adolescents who feel depressed and engage in self-injury.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 75, p. 163-174
Keywords [en]
Adolescence, Depression, Mixture modeling, Profiles, Self-harm, Self-injury
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75808DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.07.013ISI: 000483452500016PubMedID: 31400556Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85071704647OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-75808DiVA, id: diva2:1344413
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasSwedish Research CouncilForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-10609-21848-41/2012-65Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved

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Tilton-Weaver, Lauree

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