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Adaptation and failure of pancreatic beta cells in murine models with different degrees of metabolic syndrome
University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, UK.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland.
University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, UK.
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2009 (English)In: Disease Models and Mechanisms, ISSN 1754-8403, E-ISSN 1754-8411, Vol. 2, no 11-12, p. 582-592Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The events that contribute to the expansion of beta-cell mass and enhanced beta-cell function in insulin-resistant states have not been elucidated fully. Recently, we showed that beta-cell adaptation failed dramatically in adult, insulin-resistant POKO mice, which contrasts with the appropriate expansion of beta cells in their ob/ob littermates. Thus, we hypothesised that characterisation of the islets in these mouse models at an early age should provide a unique opportunity to: (1) identify mechanisms involved in sensing insulin resistance at the level of the beta cells, (2) identify molecular effectors that contribute to increasing beta-cell mass and function, and (3) distinguish primary events from secondary events that are more likely to be present at more advanced stages of diabetes. Our results define the POKO mouse as a model of early lipotoxicity. At 4 weeks of age, it manifests with inappropriate beta-cell function and defects in proliferation markers. Other well-recognised pathogenic effectors that were observed previously in 16-week-old mice, such as increased reactive oxygen species (ROS), macrophage infiltration and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, are also present in both young POKO and young ob/ob mice, indicating the lack of predictive power with regards to the severity of beta-cell failure. Of interest, the relatively preserved lipidomic profile in islets from young POKO mice contrasted with the large changes in lipid composition and the differences in the chain length of triacylglycerols in the serum, liver, muscle and adipose tissue in adult POKO mice. Later lipotoxic insults in adult beta cells contribute to the failure of the POKO beta cell. Our results indicate that the rapid development of insulin resistance and beta-cell failure in POKO mice makes this model a useful tool to study early molecular events leading to insulin resistance and beta-cell failure. Furthermore, comparisons with ob/ob mice might reveal important adaptive mechanisms in beta cells with either therapeutic or diagnostic potential.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Company of Biologists Ltd. , 2009. Vol. 2, no 11-12, p. 582-592
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Other Basic Medicine
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70942DOI: 10.1242/dmm.003251ISI: 000272832900011PubMedID: 19841237Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-70549097991OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-70942DiVA, id: diva2:1345883
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved

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Oresic, Matej

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