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ApoCIII-enriched LDL in type 2 diabetes displays altered lipid composition, increased susceptibility for sphingomyelinase, and increased binding to biglycan
Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Central Hospital and Biomedicum, Helsinki, Finland.
Sahlgrenska Center for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research/Wallenberg Laboratory and the Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Sahlgrenska Center for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research/Wallenberg Laboratory and the Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Sahlgrenska Center for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research/Wallenberg Laboratory and the Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
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2009 (English)In: Diabetes, ISSN 0012-1797, E-ISSN 1939-327X, Vol. 58, no 9, p. 2018-2026Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Apolipoprotein CIII (apoCIII) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but the molecular mechanisms involved are poorly understood. We investigated potential proatherogenic properties of apoCIII-containing LDL from hypertriglyceridemic patients with type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: LDL was isolated from control subjects, subjects with type 2 diabetes, and apoB transgenic mice. LDL-biglycan binding was analyzed with a solid-phase assay using immunoplates coated with biglycan. Lipid composition was analyzed with mass spectrometry. Hydrolysis of LDL by sphingomyelinase was analyzed after labeling plasma LDL with [(3)H]sphingomyelin. ApoCIII isoforms were quantified after isoelectric focusing. Human aortic endothelial cells were incubated with desialylated apoCIII or with LDL enriched with specific apoCIII isoforms.

RESULTS: We showed that enriching LDL with apoCIII only induced a small increase in LDL-proteoglycan binding, and this effect was dependent on a functional site A in apoB100. Our findings indicated that intrinsic characteristics of the diabetic LDL other than apoCIII are responsible for further increased proteoglycan binding of diabetic LDL with high-endogenous apoCIII, and we showed alterations in the lipid composition of diabetic LDL with high apoCIII. We also demonstrated that high apoCIII increased susceptibility of LDL to hydrolysis and aggregation by sphingomyelinases. In addition, we demonstrated that sialylation of apoCIII increased with increasing apoCIII content and that sialylation of apoCIII was essential for its proinflammatory properties.

CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated a number of features of apoCIII-containing LDL from hypertriglyceridemic patients with type 2 diabetes that could explain the proatherogenic role of apoCIII.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Diabetes Association , 2009. Vol. 58, no 9, p. 2018-2026
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Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70938DOI: 10.2337/db09-0206ISI: 000269650400011PubMedID: 19502413Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-70349120408OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-70938DiVA, id: diva2:1345918
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Oresic, Matej

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