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Från hälsovård till miljöskydd: en historisk institutionell analys av kommunal ansvarsutveckling
Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
2000 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Modern central-local relations are in general characterised by decentralisation in nearly all policy fields, with growing demands for local adjustment and direct democracy. At the same time, the political parties are criticised of trying to implement environmental politics in the municipalities, which are strongly characterised by national goals and strategies. The aim of this study is to describe and analyse changes in the responsibility distribution between the state and the municipalities in a historical perspective with a focus on two environmentally oriented policy areas - health protection and environmental protection , and seek to understand and explain why these changes occur.

The fundamental explanatory approach of the thesis is historical institutionalism, a combined actor-structure approach which presumes that institutions and ideas are expected to institutionalise certain central-local relations over time. The study is based upon the assumption that changes in municipal responsibility are presumed to happen slowly, but at certain formative moments, actors carry through fundamental changes. The study shows that health protection, from the end of the 19th century, has had a tradition of local responsibility. When environmental politics appeared on the political agenda during the 1960ies the political debate resulted in a centralised organisation, which however changed and the municipalities were gradually given a more active and important role. It is shown that general state and municipal ideas, as well as policy specific ideas and the already established responsibility distribution between the state and the municipalities have institutionalised the municipal responsibility development in certain ways. The formative moments do not crystallise automatically, but depend on what approach we adopt, and what we characterise as fundamental and incrementalistic changes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek , 2000. , p. 254
Series
Örebro Studies in Political Science, ISSN 1650-1632 ; 1
Keywords [en]
environmental politics, health protection, environmental protection, central-local relations, historical institutionalism, statskunskap
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-14ISBN: 91-7668-261-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-14DiVA, id: diva2:134989
Public defence
2002-12-08, Aulan, Örebro universitetsbibliotek, Örebro, 13:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2000-12-08 Created: 2000-12-08 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Bro, Anders

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf