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Utrikeskorrespondenter i Kina: en kvalitativ intervjustudie av pressfrihet, yrkesroller och Olympiska Spelen i Beijing 2008
Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
2007 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This is a study of how foreign correspondents deal with the censorship and limited freedom of the press that the Chinese government has imposed on Chinese as well as foreign press. In addition, our intention is to examine how they see their job and what role they, as correspondents, play in China. Last but not least, we want to know what they think the Olympic Games in Beijing 2008 will bring for themselves and for the Chinese press - if the games will have a positive or negative effect on the conditions for the press and Chinas development towards a more open society.

The theories that we have used are as follows; Foreign journalism, where we look upon both the journalists themselves and the whole organisation of foreign news. Freedom of the press and censorship explains the true meaning of these concepts and how they are seen in different parts of the world. The chapter on modernisation and democracy discuss different steps that China has to take to reach democracy and the theory of modernisation presents the way economic growth leads to cultural change and in the long run, democracy and freedom of the press. Included in the theory chapter we present some previous research on the Olympic Games in Seoul 1988, where it is asserted that the Olympic Games had an impact on the South Korean society.

To find the answers to our questions, we have used a qualitative interview method, which we consider to be the method best suited for our study. We formulated an interview guide and conducted the interviews through Skype, which is a computer program that allows you to make inexpensive phone calls. The study is based on the answers from ten correspondents, both former and present. Six of them are Swedish, two are from Great Britain, one from Finland and one from Switzerland.

When doing a qualitative interview study the aim is not to draw general conclusions, but to gather an extensive amount of information from the person or persons that you are interviewing. Therefore we are not able to give direct answers to our questions. But if we are to sum it up and give the reader an overview of our results, we can say that some of them have encountered censorship in different ways, and some have not. They believe that the censorship affects their work in some ways, but not to the extent that they cannot handle it. They also say that the cities are easier to work in than the villages on the country side.

When it comes to our second question, what their role is in China, they see themselves as distributors of information rather than ambassadors of different countries and different ways of thinking about a society. Some say that they want to affect the Chinese journalists to demand more freedom, but that it is difficult and that their impact on the Chinese society is rather small.

Last but not least, the correspondents do not believe that the Olympic Games will have any substantial effect on the censorship and limited freedom of the press in China. They all point out, that a change might come, but it will be later rather than sooner as one would hope.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , p. 55
Keyword [en]
foreign correspondence, freedom of the press, China, Olympic Games in Beijing, qualitative interview
Keyword [sv]
utrikeskorrespondenter, pressfrihet, Kina, Olympiska Spelen i Beijing, kvalitativ intervju
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-1489ISRN: ORU-HUM/MKV-C--07/0011--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-1489DiVA, id: diva2:135089
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2007-09-13 Created: 2007-09-13 Last updated: 2017-10-18

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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