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Interna och externa variablers samband med långtidsfriskhet.
Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
2007 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Internal and external variables relation to long-term health. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien är att undersöka huruvida interna och externa variabler påverkar personers friskhet samt utreda hur långtidsfriska skiljer sig från övriga medarbetare. Undersökningen genomfördes med ett frågeformulär bland personal med olika arbetsuppgifter. 150 medarbetare besvarade enkäten. De undersökningsvariabler som ingår i den interna skalan är personlighetsdrag, locus of control, KASAM och optimism. Den externa skalan består av krav, kontroll, stöd, ledarskap samt organisationskultur. Resultatet visar att långtidsfriska är mer optimistiska, stresståliga och självsäkra än övriga. Den interna skalan har ett signifikant samband med långtidsfriskhet och ledarskap är den bästa prediktorn tillsammans med kontroll, optimism och locus of control. En slutsats är att både interna och externa variabler är viktiga för hälsan och för att nå friskhet är det viktigt att arbeta med alla delarna.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether internal and external variables affect individual’s health and examine how long-term healthy people differ from other co-workers. The examination was carried out with a questionnaire among employees with different work. The internal scale contains variables of personality trait, locus of control, sense of coherence and optimism. The external scale contains demand, control, support, leadership and organizational culture variables. The result shows that long-term healthy people are more optimistic, self-confident and endure stress better than others. The internal scale has a significant relation with long-term health, and leadership is the best predictor for long-term health together with control, optimism and locus of control. One conclusion is that both internal and external variables are important for the health and it is important to work with all parts to achieve health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Long-term health, internal and external variables, optimism, self-confidence.
Keyword [sv]
Långtidsfriskhet, interna och externa variabler, optimism, självsäkerhet.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-1594ISRN: ORU-BSR/PSY-D--07/0018--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-1594DiVA: diva2:135215
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samhälle/juridik
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Available from: 2007-10-24 Created: 2007-10-24

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Department of Social and Political SciencesDepartment of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences
Psychology

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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