oru.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The delay of gastric emptying induced by remifentanil is not influenced by posture
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
2004 (English)In: Anesthesia and Analgesia, ISSN 0003-2999, E-ISSN 1526-7598, Vol. 99, no 2, p. 429-434Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Posture has an effect on gastric emptying. In this study, we investigated whether posture influences the delay in gastric emptying induced by opioid analgesics. Ten healthy male subjects underwent 4 gastric emptying studies with the acetaminophen method. On two occasions the subjects were given a continuous infusion of remifentanil (0.2 microg. kg(-1). min(-1)) while lying either on the right lateral side in a 20 degrees head-up position or on the left lateral side in a 20 degrees head-down position. On two other occasions no infusion was given, and the subjects were studied lying in the two positions. When remifentanil was given, there were no significant differences between the two postures in maximal acetaminophen concentration (right side, 34 micromol. L(-1); versus left side, 16 micromol. L(-1)), time taken to reach the maximal concentration (94 versus 109 min), or area under the serum acetaminophen concentration time curve from 0 to 60 min (962 versus 197 min. micromol. L(-1)). In the control situation, there were differences between the postures in maximal acetaminophen concentration (138 versus 94 micromol. L(-1); P < 0.0001) and area under the serum acetaminophen concentration time curves from 0 to 60 min (5092 versus 3793 min. micromol. L(-1); P < 0.0001), but there was no significant difference in time taken to reach the maximal concentration (25 versus 47 min). Compared with the control situation, remifentanil delayed gastric emptying in both postures. We conclude that remifentanil delays gastric emptying and that this delay is not influenced by posture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 99, no 2, p. 429-434
National Category
Surgery
Research subject
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2896DOI: 10.1213/​01.ANE.0000121345.58835.93OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-2896DiVA, id: diva2:135439
Available from: 2008-03-06 Created: 2008-03-06 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The influence of opioids on gastric function: experimental and clinical studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The influence of opioids on gastric function: experimental and clinical studies
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Efter operation och anestesi får patienter ofta en negativ påverkan på magsäck och tarmar. Illamående och kräkningar är ett stort problem och många har svårt att komma igång med intag av föda och normal tarmfunktion då magsäcken och tarmarna ”står stilla”. Flera faktorer bidrar- bl.a. smärtan, det kirurgiska traumat och de läkemedel vi ger i samband med anestesin. Av de senare är opioider, d.v.s morfin och morfinliknande läkemedel, starkt bidragande. I detta avhandlings- arbete har opioiders effekter på magsäckens motilitet studerats.

Med ett absorptionstest (paracetamolmetoden) studerades hos frivilliga hur opioiden remifentanil påverkar magsäckstömning och om kroppspositionen har betydelse för tömningshastigheten ut i tarmen. Remifentanil fördröjde magsäcks-tömningen och under pågående opioid behandling hade kroppspositionen ingen större betydelse, vilket det däremot hade under kontrollförsöken. Med samma metod jämförde vi hos patienter två anestesimetoder och studerade magsäcks-tömning direkt efter en operation. Ingen skillnad kunde påvisas mellan en opioidbaserad och en opioidfri anestesi, men inom respektive grupp var det en stor variation i magsäckstömning mellan individerna.

Med en barostat studerades tonus i övre delen av magsäcken. Hos hälften av de frivilliga orsakade remifentanil en ökning av tonus och hos den andra hälften en minskning av tonus. Vidare undersöktes hos en grupp patienter opioiden fentanyls påverkan på den elektriska aktiviteten i magsäcken. Med en elekroga-strograf (EGG) registrerades de långsamma elektriska vågor som koordinerar muskelrörelserna i magsäcken. Hos hälften av de undersökta påverkades aktiviteten av fentanyl med en sänkt vågfrekvens eller upphörande av vågor, medan aktiviteten var opåverkad hos den övriga hälften. För att finna en förklaring till variationen gjordes genetiska analyser av genen för opioidreceptorn hos de undersökta i barostat och EGG studierna. Variationer i genomet, s.k. polymorfism, var inte associerad till utfallen i studierna.

Studierna har visat på att opioider har en uttalad effekt på magsäckens motilitet och att den varierar kraftigt mellan individer. Polymorfism i genen för opioid- receptorn förklarade inte skillnaden mellan individer. Direkt efter operation bidrar sannolikt andra faktorer än anestesimetod till det variabla utfallet i magsäckstömning.

Abstract [en]

After anesthesia and/or surgical procedures, gastrointestinal motility is commonly impaired. The causes are multifactorial, with surgical trauma, pain and perioperative drugs playing a major role. This thesis explores opioid effects on gastric motility in healthy volunteers and patients undergoing surgery.

Gastric emptying was studied by an absorption test (paracetamol method), and in healthy volunteers a remifentanil infusion delayed gastric emptying. Body position altered emptying during the control situations, but not during the remifentanil infusion. Further, two anesthetic methods were compared and no differences were found in immediate postoperative gastric emptying between a remifentanil/propofol based intravenous anesthesia and an opioid free inhalational anesthesia, although the interindividual variability was high. Proximal gastric tone was studied using a gastric barostat. An infusion of remifentanil caused two patterns of reaction regarding gastric tone, with half of the subjects increasing and half decreasing in gastric tone. Gastric myoelectrical activity was evaluated with electrogastrography (EGG), and a bolus dose of fentanyl caused a decrease in frequency of the gastric slow waves or disrupted this activity. However, the activity was unaffected in half of the investigated subjects. Analysis of polymorphisms (A118G and G691C) in the µ-opioid receptor gene was performed to find an explanation for the great interindividual variations seen in the barostat and EGG studies, but no association could be found.

These studies have shown that opioids have pronounced effects on gastric motility with variable individual responses that are difficult to predict. Polymorphisms in the µ-opioid receptor gene could not explain the variations. Postoperatively, other factors might contribute more than opioids to the impairment in gastric motility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2008. p. 66
Series
Örebro Studies in Medicine, ISSN 1652-4063 ; 14
Keywords
gastrointestinal motility, gastric emptying, gastric tone, electrogastrography, analgesics, opioids, µ-opioid receptor, polymorphism
National Category
Surgery
Research subject
Surgery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-1762 (URN)978-91-7668-583-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-03-27, Wilandersalen, M-huset, Universitetssjukhuset Örebro, Örebro, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
ISSN 1652-4063Available from: 2008-03-06 Created: 2008-03-06 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Walldén, Jakob

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Walldén, Jakob
By organisation
School of Health and Medical Sciences
In the same journal
Anesthesia and Analgesia
Surgery

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 71 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf