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Cross-cultural comparisons of child-reported emotional and physical abuse: rates, risk factors and psychosocial symptoms
Department of Psychology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
Department of Psychology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
Medical Faculty, St. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia.
Medical Faculty, St. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia.
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2004 (English)In: Child Abuse & Neglect, ISSN 1873-7757, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 113-127Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES:

This study was designed to assess the incidence of child emotional and physical abuse, associated risk factors and psychosocial symptoms in a cross-cultural comparison between post-communist bloc countries. Method: One-thousand one-hundred forty-five children ages 10-14 from Latvia (N = 297), Lithuania ( N = 300), Macedonia (N = 302), and Moldova (N = 246) participated in the study. They completed questionnaires assessing their experience of emotional or physical abuse, and provided information about family risk-factors and psychosocial symptoms, including PTSD-related symptoms.

RESULTS:

Incidence rates of maltreatment differed by country, as did levels of reported psychosocial symptoms. Incidence of emotional and physical abuse differed by region, with higher levels of abuse reported in the rural regions. In all four countries, a similar association between emotional/physical abuse and psychosocial symptoms was found, with the uniformly largest correlation between emotional abuse and anger. When examining the combined scores of emotional and physcial abuse, even higher correlation's were found, particularly in relation to anger and depression. In all four countries, parental overuse of alcohol was associated with emotional and/or physical abuse.

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings show differences by country in child-reported levels of emotional and physical abuse, but similar patterns of correlation with psychosocial symptoms and the risk factors of parental alcohol overuse and living in a rural area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2004. Vol. 28, no 1, p. 113-127
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2908DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2003.06.004ISI: 000188934000009PubMedID: 15019442Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-084232965OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-2908DiVA, id: diva2:135486
Available from: 2008-02-18 Created: 2008-02-18 Last updated: 2018-02-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Harsh or inept parenting, youth characteristics and later adjustment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Harsh or inept parenting, youth characteristics and later adjustment
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Despite most parents’ good intentions to provide a warm, supportive environment in which the child can grow and develop socially appropriate behavior, they might occasionally act toward their child in a negative or even harsh way. Some do this more consistently than others. This dissertation examined the relationships between harsh or inept parenting and children’s characteristics in predicting various adjustment problems. The first aim of the dissertation was to examine if experienced harsh parental behavior is associated with adjustment problems for children from different cultures in a similar way. Study I showed that the effects of harsh parenting were very similar for children from different countries, but the magnitude of these effects differed. The second aim was to examine how parents and youths respond to each other over time. Studies II and III showed that youth characteristics influenced harsh or inept parenting and, to a lesser extent, parents’ behaviors could affect youth characteristics or behavior problems. The third aim of this dissertation concerns the role of child or youth characteristics in the link between harsh parenting and adjustment problems. Findings from Study II suggested that, youth characteristics might be responsible for both harsh parenting and problematic peer relationships, thus explaining the link between them. Studies IV and V showed that children’s early unmanageability increased the risk of having more adjustment problems later in life only for some children. The fourth aim was to examine how the early characteristics of children who experience physical punishment in the context of parenting behaviors that communicate negative emotions affect later adjustment. The findings from Studies IV and V suggest that only for some children, those who experience certain combinations of harsh parental behavior, is early unmanageability a risk factor for social adjustment problems. Overall, the studies in this dissertation provide insights into the roles of harsh or inept parenting and youth characteristics in the development of various adjustment problems. Even though parents’ negative behaviors may affect youth social adjustment, youth characteristics and behaviors can strongly contribute to their own adjustment and to harsh or inept parenting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2008. p. 89
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 13
Keywords
adolescent adjustment, harsh parenting, inept parenting, reciprocal interactions, youth characteristics, early unmanageability
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-1796 (URN)978-91-7668-587-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-03-14, Hörsal 2, Långhuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:00
Opponent
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Available from: 2008-02-18 Created: 2008-02-18 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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