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Att vänja sig vid smärta: En behandlingsstudie av patienter med långvarig smärta
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Aktuell forskning har visat att psykologiska faktorer spelar en viktig roll för upplevelsen av långvarig smärta. Denna studie undersökte effekterna av en KBT-behandling bestående av introceptiv exponering och avslappning för patienter med långvarig smärta. Studien använde en single-subject design där sex smärtpatienter genomgick en sex veckor lång individuell behandling. De variabler studien undersökte var i första hand förändringar gällande grad av acceptans samt upplevd smärtintensitet, i andra hand förändringar gällande smärtrelaterad ångest, rörelserädsla, katastroftankar samt funktion. Deltagande i behandlingen var förknippat med ökad acceptans, förbättrad funktion, minskad smärtintensitet, minskad smärtrelaterad ångest, mindre katastroftankar samt minskad rörelserädsla. Studien tyder på att denna behandling kan leda till positiva förändringar hos smärtpatienter för såväl kognitiva och känslomässiga komponenter som beteendemässiga komponenter.

Abstract [en]

Current research has shown that psychological factors play an important role in the experience of chronic pain. This study examined the effects of a CBT treatment containing interoceptive exposure and relaxation for patients with chronic pain. The study used a single-subject design where six patients underwent a six week long individual treatment. The variables the study examined were changes concerning degree of acceptance, pain intensity, changes concerning pain related anxiety, kinesiophobia, catastrophizing and function. Participation in the treatment was associated with increased acceptance, improved function, reduced pain intensity, reduced pain related anxiety, less catastrophizing and reduced kinesiophobia. The study indicates that this treatment can lead to positive changes with pain patients in both cognitive and emotional components as well as behavioral components.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 61 p.
Keyword [en]
pain, acceptance, interoceptive exposure, relaxation, single-subject
Keyword [sv]
smärta, acceptans, introceptiv exponering, avslappning, single-subject
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2105ISRN: ORU-BSR/PSY-D--08/0031--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-2105DiVA: diva2:135890
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Available from: 2008-04-25 Created: 2008-04-25

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Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences
Psychology

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf