oru.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Antisocial behavior in adolescence: the role of individual characteristics
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8163-6558
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The main aim of this dissertation is to investigate whether traits on the level of the individual are important in understanding violent, frequent antisocial behavior among adolescents. The first of the four studies included in this dissertation asks whether individual-level explanations are going to be a fruitful approach at all. The other three studies speak to the question which particular individual characteristics are related to violent, frequent antisocial behavior.

Two different large samples of 14 to 16-year-old male and female non-referred adolescents were assessed. The adolescents were mainly assessed with self-report questionnaires but information from parents and teachers was also incorporated in one of the samples.

Results show that aggressive, antisocial behavior for a subgroup of adolescents cuts across social contexts, indicating that their aggressive behavior is largely dependent on individual characteristics, more than on situational factors. It is further shown that a constellation of personality traits involving a grandiose, manipulative interpersonal disposition, callous, unemotional affective traits, and an impulsive, irresponsible behavioral style, characterizes a subgroup of antisocial adolescents who have more violent, frequent antisocial behavior than antisocial adolescents without this personality constellation. This same subgroup also shows more pronounced problem behaviors of other kinds — early behavioral problems, problems with inhibiting aggressive behaviors, and problems with hyperactivity, impulsivity, and attention.

Moreover, the results show that the affective facet of this particular personality constellation, involving callous, unemotional traits, plays an important role in violent, frequent antisocial behavior independently of other antisocial-related dimensions such as impulsivity, hyperactivity, and sensation seeking traits. Importantly, the main findings were similar for males and females.

It is concluded that specific personality traits are important to consider when moving further toward an understanding of violent, frequent antisocial behavior and that research on non-referred, community samples of youths can be particularly helpful for this purpose. Implications for prevention and intervention and directions for future research are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek , 2002. , p. 61
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 1
Keyword [en]
youths, adolescents, antisocial behavior, aggressive behavior, violent behavior, individual characteristics, personality traits, psychopathic traits, psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24ISBN: 91-7668-298-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24DiVA, id: diva2:136196
Public defence
2002-04-26, Aulan, Örebro universitetsbibliotek, Örebro, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2002-04-26 Created: 2002-04-26 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Bullying in school and violence on the streets: are the same people involved?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bullying in school and violence on the streets: are the same people involved?
2001 (English)In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 31-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Examined the relationship between bullying in school and street violence. 2,915 adolescents (aged 14-15 yrs) completed questionnaires concerning street violence, weapon carrying, violence victimization, loitering, bullying, and nights away from home. Results show that bullying others in school was strongly linked to violent behavior and weapon-carrying on the streets, both among males and females. Bullying others in school was also related to being violently victimized on the streets. Findings suggest that school bullying is in many cases a part of a more general violent and aggressive behavior pattern, and that preventive efforts targeting individuals with bullying behavior in school may decrease violence among adolescents in the community as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis, 2001
Keyword
Aggressive Behavior, Student Characteristics, Victimization, Violence, Bullying, Weapons
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6554 (URN)10.1080/140438501317205538 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-05-04 Created: 2009-05-04 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
2. The usefulness of self-reported psychopathy-like traits in the study of antisocial behaviour among non-referred adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The usefulness of self-reported psychopathy-like traits in the study of antisocial behaviour among non-referred adolescents
2002 (English)In: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 383-402Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Addresses the question of whether it is possible to use a self-report measure of psychopathic traits on non-referred youth samples to identify a subgroup of problematic youths who are particularly problematic and different from other problem youths. A large sample of 1,279 eighth-grade, non-referred adolescents (mean age 14.42 yrs), and their parents were assessed. Students completed self-report measures that assessed personality, conduct problems, and family functioning. Parents responded by completing and mailing in a questionnaire. Results show that the adolescents exhibiting a low-socialized psychopathy-like personality constellation had a more frequent, violent, and versatile conduct-problem profile than other low-socialized and well socialized adolescents. The psychopathy-like adolescents also differed from other poorly socialized adolescents in ways that suggested that their etiological background was different from adolescents with non-psychopathy-like conduct problems. The authors conclude that self-report measures can indeed be useful for research purposes in subtyping youths with conduct problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2002
Keyword
Antisocial Behavior, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Behavior Problems, Psychopathy, Self Report
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6543 (URN)10.1002/per.455 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-05-04 Created: 2009-05-04 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
3. Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: a new assessment tool
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: a new assessment tool
2002 (English)In: Psychopaths: current international perspectives / [ed] Eric Blaauw, Lorraine Sheridan, Den Haag: Elsevier , 2002, p. 131-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Den Haag: Elsevier, 2002
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6748 (URN)90-5749-962-2 (ISBN)978-90-5749-962-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-05-12 Created: 2009-05-12 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
4. Callous, unemotional traits in violent and frequent conduct-problem behavior among non-referred youths
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Callous, unemotional traits in violent and frequent conduct-problem behavior among non-referred youths
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15936 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-15 Created: 2011-06-15 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Authority records BETA

Andershed, Henrik

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Andershed, Henrik
By organisation
Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences
Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1797 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf