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Real-time trajectory planning based on joint-decoupled optimization in human-robot interaction
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. State Key Laboratory of Virtual Reality Technology and Systems, Beihang University, Beijing, China. (AASS)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2474-7451
Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.
Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.
State Key Laboratory of Virtual Reality Technology and Systems, Beihang University, Beijing, China.
2020 (English)In: Mechanism and machine theory, ISSN 0094-114X, E-ISSN 1873-3999, Vol. 144, article id 103664Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In order to perform safe and natural interactions with humans, robots are required to adjust their motions quickly according to human behaviors. Performing the complex calculation and updating the trajectories in real-time is a particular challenge. In this paper, we present a real-time optimization-based trajectory planning method for serial robots. We encode the trajectory planning problem into a series of optimization problems. To solve the high-dimensional complex non-linear optimization problems in real-time, we provide a joint-decoupling method that transforms the original joint-coupled optimization problem into multiple joint-independent optimization problems, with much lower computational complexity. We implement and validate our method in a specific human-robot interaction case. Experimental results show that the computational feasibility and efficiency of optimization solution were greatly improved by the joint-decoupling transformation. Smooth, safe, and rapid motion of the robot was generated in real-time, establishing a basis for safe and reactive human-robot interactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 144, article id 103664
Keywords [en]
Real-time trajectory planning, Human-robot interaction, Non-linear optimization, Machine learning, Serial robot
National Category
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-77616DOI: 10.1016/j.mechmachtheory.2019.103664Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85073533220OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-77616DiVA, id: diva2:1365401
Available from: 2019-10-24 Created: 2019-10-24 Last updated: 2019-10-25Bibliographically approved

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Zhang, Shiyu

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  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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