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Electroremediation of contaminated soil
Örebro University, Department of Natural Sciences.
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Electroremediation was applied to contaminated soils in order to study the transport of metals and organic compounds by the external electric field. The electric field caused acidic conditions near the anode, so that copper, zinc, lead, nickel, cadmium, calcium and manganese were released from soil from a chlor-alkali site. The metals were transported towards and immobilised near the cathode, where pH was high. The metals were very strongly attached to the soil, which was shown by selective extraction. Mercury was removed through the electromigration of a mercury-iodide complex. 89 % of the mercury was removed from the soil near the cathode, and 46 % had arrived in the anode solution after 3 days. Chloride mobilised less than 50 %.

Clay had an over-all larger influence (retardation) then peat or goethite on the migration behaviour of metals in an artificial soil with sand base. The influence of clay on polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) was the opposite. The presence of clay or fulvic acid increased the apparent solubility of pyrene and phenanthrene. However, when solid organic matter was added, pyrene and phenanthrene were sorbed to the soil, and the organic matter that was released into the soil solution could not compete for the PAH. Fulvic, citric, oxalic and gluconic acids, and phosphate were transported towards the cathode, while chloride, nitrate and sulphate moved towards the anode, as expected.

The results from an in-situ pilot scale experiment on mercury-contaminated soil are presented as well as a discussion on the Swedish method of surveying contaminated sites (MIFO).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek , 2001. , p. 47
Series
Örebro Studies in Environmental Science, ISSN 1650-6278 ; 2
Keyword [en]
electrokinetic remediation, contaminated soil, mercury, heavy metals, organic compounds
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3ISBN: 91-7668-287-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3DiVA, id: diva2:136632
Public defence
2001-12-17, Aulan, Örebro universitetsbibliotek, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2001-12-17 Created: 2001-12-17 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Natural organic matter to enhance electrokinetic transport of PAH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Natural organic matter to enhance electrokinetic transport of PAH
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16001 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-17 Created: 2011-06-17 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
2. Multivariate evaluation of electrokinetic movement of heavy metals by systematic variation of the voltage, the soil composition and complexing agents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multivariate evaluation of electrokinetic movement of heavy metals by systematic variation of the voltage, the soil composition and complexing agents
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16002 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-17 Created: 2011-06-17 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
3. Speciation and transport of heavy metals and macroelements during electroremediation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Speciation and transport of heavy metals and macroelements during electroremediation
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16003 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-17 Created: 2011-06-17 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
4. Mercury transport and speciation during electrokinetic soil remediation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mercury transport and speciation during electrokinetic soil remediation
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16007 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-17 Created: 2011-06-17 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
5. Mercury contaminated soil remediation by iodide and electroreclamation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mercury contaminated soil remediation by iodide and electroreclamation
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16008 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-17 Created: 2011-06-17 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
6. Critical remarks concerning the method used in Sweden for risk assessment of contaminated soils (MIFO)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Critical remarks concerning the method used in Sweden for risk assessment of contaminated soils (MIFO)
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16009 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-17 Created: 2011-06-17 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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