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Theoretical disputes and practical environmental dilemmas: an interdisciplinary study
Örebro University, Department of Natural Sciences.
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to analyse the scientific basis for diverging recommendations in environmental management. A further aim of this study is to discuss the links and interactions between disciplines related to science of environmental issues, and between natural science and practice in dealing with environmental management and ecological sustainability. The question at issue was whether ontological (how the world is constituted) and epistemological (how achieve knowledge about the world) differences between disciplines lead to opposing conclusions. Scientific disputes were selected systematically to examine and analyse the theoretical characteristics and reasons of these disputes. Two case studies were selected: forest nitrogen fertilisation and constructed wetlands. Content analysis was used to study the theoretical content of and the reasons for the disputes within these two scientific areas. Research articles published in peer-reviewed journals, conference proceedings, and publications in anthologies were chosen as the empirical material.

 

The results show that theoretical disputes arise from the diversity of disciplines and fragmentation of theoretical frameworks. The conclusions are that one way to overcome scientific disputes and achieve common knowledge and solutions to environmental problems is to identify and compare values and principles of the different scientific research traditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek , 2002. , p. 80
Series
Örebro Studies in Environmental Science, ISSN 1650-6278 ; 3
Keywords [en]
sustainable development, natural science, theoretical disputes, forest nitrogen fertilisation, constructed wetlands, content analysis
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39ISBN: 91-7668-319-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-39DiVA, id: diva2:136749
Public defence
2002-12-06, Hörsal D, Örebro universitet, Örebro, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2002-12-06 Created: 2002-12-06 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Forest nitrogen fertilisation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forest nitrogen fertilisation
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15930 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-15 Created: 2011-06-15 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
2. Why forest nitrogen fertilization is debated
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Why forest nitrogen fertilization is debated
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15931 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-15 Created: 2011-06-15 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
3. Multi-objective environmental management in constructed wetlands
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multi-objective environmental management in constructed wetlands
2004 (English)In: Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, ISSN 0167-6369, E-ISSN 1573-2959, Vol. 90, no 1-3, p. 171-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examined multi-objective environmental management as applied to pursuing concurrent goals of water treatment, biodiversity and promotion of recreation in constructed wetlands. A case study of a wetland established to treat landfill leachate, increase biodiversity, and promote recreation was evaluated. The study showed that attempts to combine pollution management with activities promoting biodiversity or recreation are problematic in constructed wetlands. This could be because the typical single-objective focus of scientific research leads to contradictions when planning, implementing and assessing the multi-objective use of wetlands. In the specific case of wetland filters for landfill leachate treatment, biodiversity, and recreation, there is a need for further research that meet practical needs to secure positive outcomes.

National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5198 (URN)10.1023/B:EMAS.0000003577.22824.8e (DOI)
Available from: 2009-01-30 Created: 2009-01-30 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
4. Contradictions in multiobjective constructed wetland research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contradictions in multiobjective constructed wetland research
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15932 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-15 Created: 2011-06-15 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
5. Site characteristics and nitrogen fertilization effects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Site characteristics and nitrogen fertilization effects
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15933 (URN)
Available from: 2011-06-15 Created: 2011-06-15 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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