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Unga människor med rörelsehinder: förankring, marginalisering och social exkludering
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
2006 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the thesis was to describe the specific barriers young people with disabilities experience in their ambition to get a job. The aim was also to investigate how these young people’s social and economic situation has been affected by their disability.

The results are based on two reports: one qualitative, consisting of interviews with 12 individuals with physical disabilities, and one quantitative in the form of a questionnaire answered by 706 persons. In the case of the questionnaire, the response rate was 48 per cent. Both reports are based on the same criteria, namely, that the respondents should have a physical disability, be 20–35 years of age and be participating in some form of employment policy program.

The results from both studies show that individuals with physical disabilities encounter different types of barriers on the labour market, which can be categorised as being either at the individual level or at the social level. The barriers at the individual level are low education, long-term unemployment, grave physical disability and lack of work experience. The barriers identified at the social level are primarily poorly adapted workplaces, a too high working pace, employers’ negative attitudes, insufficient knowledge of the competence of disabled persons and an overly generous social welfare system. All these factors constitute a direct obstacle to employing persons with a physical disability.

The results from the interview study show that the respondents have few social relations. The majority of the respondents have social intercourse solely with family members or parents. Most of the respondents in the questionnaire study state that they have frequent social relations with friends and acquaintances. Both the interview study and the questionnaire study reveal that the respondents’ financial position has worsened as a result if their physical disability.

Conclusions that can be drawn from this thesis are that young people with physical disabilities encounter different barriers in their attempts to get a job and to maintain social relations. Based on the results, some of the respondents can be regarded as being socio-economically marginalised.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek , 2006. , p. 38
Series
Örebro Studies in Social work, ISSN 1651-145X ; 6
Keywords [en]
Disability, physical disability, barriers, work, social support, social relations.
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-405ISBN: 91-7668-478-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-405DiVA, id: diva2:136769
Public defence
2006-04-28, L3, Långhuset, Örebro universitet, Örebro, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-04-06 Created: 2006-04-06 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Unga människor med rörelsehinder utanför arbetsmarknaden: om barriärer, sociala relationer och livsvillkor
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unga människor med rörelsehinder utanför arbetsmarknaden: om barriärer, sociala relationer och livsvillkor
2003 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien har varit att beskriva de specifika barriärer som individer med rörel-sehinder i åldrarna 20-35 år upplever att de möter i sin strävan att komma in på arbets-marknaden. Syftet har också varit att beskriva individernas livssituation under arbets-löshet och jämföra detta med livssituationen i någon form av sysselsättning. Metoden som har använts är kvalitativ, intervjuer med 12 individer med rörelsehinder.

Resultaten från intervjuerna visar att individer med rörelsehinder möter barriärer inom olika områden. Barriärerna uppkommer via ett komplext samspel mellan den so-ciala och fysiska miljön, regelsystemen och individen. Studien tyder på olika orsaker till att individer med rörelsehinder möter barriärer i sina försök att få arbete. Exempel på sådana hinder är själva funktionshindret, graden av anpassning i den fysiska miljön, samhällets fördomar och rådande lagar. Utifrån detta har studien kunnat särskilja tre huvudkategorier av barriärer - individrelaterade, miljörelaterade och regelrelaterade.

Resultatet visar att barriärer på individnivå är låg utbildning, avsaknad av yrkeserfa-renhet, lång period av arbetslöshet och dåliga kunskaper i regelsystemet. Ytterligare barriärer på individnivå är låg motivation att söka arbete.

De miljörelaterade barriärer som identifieras är främst dåligt anpassade arbetslokaler, avsaknad av tekniska hjälpmedel och dåligt fungerade färdtjänst, bristande information samt rådande attityder om funktionshindrade i samhället. Dessa aspekter innebär di-rekta hinder för anställning av rörelsehindrade.

Studien tyder också på att regelsystemen kan fungera som barriärer. Dels uppger un-dersökningsgruppen att de har bristande kunskaper i gällande regler, dels uppges att det inte är lönsamt att arbeta, eftersom inkomsten inte förbättras med ett arbete.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe the specific barriers which young individuals (20-35 years) with physical disabilities experience that they encounter in their ambition to become part of the labour market. Furthermore, the aim was to describe the everyday life of the individuals in unemployment and to compare this with the situation in some kind of employment. The method used is qualitative, consisting of interviews with 12 individuals with physical disabilities.

The results from the interviews show that individuals with physical disabilities en-counter barriers in different areas. The barriers arise through a complex interaction be-tween the social and physical environment, legislation and the individual. The study implies that individuals with physical disablities encounter different barriers in their attempts to find work. Examples of such obstacles are the disability itself, the level of adaptation in the physical environment, prejudices in society and existing laws. From this perspective, three main categories of barriers are distinguished in the study – those related to the individual, the environment and legislation.

The result shows that barriers on an individual level are low level of education, lack of work experience, long-term unemployment and poor knowledge of legislation. Another barrier on an individual level is low motivation to look for work.

The identified barriers related to the environment were mainly poorly accomodated work places, lack of technical aids and unsatisfactory transportation services, lack of information as well as prevailing attitudes in society about people with disabilities. These aspects imply direct obstacles for people with physical disabilities to find em-ployment.

Moreover, the study indicates that legislation can be considered a barrier. The group of informants points out that they have insufficient knowledge about existing rules, but also that it is not profitable to work since their income does not improve by working.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek, 2003. p. 163
Series
Örebro Studies in Social work, ISSN 1651-145X ; 4
Keywords
Disability, handicap, barriers, work, social support, social relations, Funktionshinder, handikapp, barriärer, arbete, socialt stöd, sociala relationer
National Category
Social Sciences Social Work Social Work
Research subject
Disability Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16 (URN)91-7668-344-3 (ISBN)
Presentation
(English)
Available from: 2009-02-24 Created: 2004-12-09 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
2. Unga människor med rörelsehinder utanför arbetsmarknaden: om individ- och samhällsrelaterade faktorers betydelse för individens ställning i samhället
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unga människor med rörelsehinder utanför arbetsmarknaden: om individ- och samhällsrelaterade faktorers betydelse för individens ställning i samhället
(Swedish)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15743 (URN)
Available from: 2011-05-30 Created: 2011-05-30 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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