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Constructed national food and meal archetypes at international exhibitions from Paris 1867 to Aichi 2005
Örebro University, School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts & Meal Science.
Örebro University, School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts & Meal Science.
2008 (English)In: National Identities, ISSN 1460-8944, E-ISSN 1469-9907, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 313-327Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines the selection of food culture objects by the Swedish state for presentation at the international exhibitions (world fairs) of 1851 to 2005, and in particular the methodologies used by Swedish National Exhibition Committees to select representative national food culture to be served in national exhibition arenas. The material used consists of government documents from 1846 to 2000, semi-structured interviews of six civil servants responsible for the joint Scandinavian pavilion at the Aichi International Exhibition in 2005 (Japan), field diary notes and photographs from observations, and exhibition brochures. The process of political selection in creating a representative national food cultural heritage, with the aim of promoting the sale of national produce and a positive reputation abroad, as well as of fostering national pride at home, is delineated. The importance of economic and marketing values in shaping a national cultural form designed as a symbol of the nation is examined, and the question of whose food cultures are selected for inclusion and whose are excluded are addressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge , 2008. Vol. 10, no 3, p. 313-327
Research subject
Culinary Arts and Meal Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3110DOI: 10.1080/14608940802249957OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3110DiVA, id: diva2:137018
Available from: 2006-09-07 Created: 2006-09-07 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The construction of food and meal culture for political and commercial ends: EU-summits, rural businesses and World Exhibitions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The construction of food and meal culture for political and commercial ends: EU-summits, rural businesses and World Exhibitions
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines how cultural values of food and meal culture were expressed and used by professional agents. The overall aim was to analyse and synthesise the interpretation and creation by professionals in commercial food and meal production of what they defined as a local, regional or national food and meal culture. Four groups of professional agents were interviewed on their use of food and meal culture as cultural value and form when: organising meals for ministerial meetings during Sweden’s first tenure of the rotating European Union presidency (chairmanship) in 2001 (political civil servants, meal editors, chefs and sponsors), producing and marketing food and meals in rural areas (restaurateurs, food producers and event organisers), branding food products with a place-related origin (marketing consultants), and when food products and meals were deployed in the international political arena of world exhibitions, 1851–2005 (political civil servants). Data was gathered using qualitative methods: semi-structured interviews, various observation techniques and analysis of contemporary and historical government and commercial documents. The analytical methods used were based on how agents in a field interact to negotiate the values significant in the field, and on how the use of cultural form as symbol affects the presentation. Culinary arts and meal science methodology as followed using ethnological research techniques. The results showed that food and meal culture for commercial and political use was carefully shaped to achieve specific professional goals: to be bought or accepted by the customer or citizen. Meals for EU ministers were designed to match those visitors’ apprehensions of high-status Swedish food and of local food and meal culture. In marketing situations, food product brands were created and shaped to match consumer ideas of place-related origin and ‘genuineness’. At world exhibitions, food and meals were presented as entertainment based on stereotypes of pre-existing food and meal culture. Concepts of the ‘commercial’ and ‘political’ dimensions became cultural values affecting the cultural form, demonstrating that in these cases culture was manufactured to be acceptable to its consumers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek, 2006. p. 116
Series
Örebro Studies in Culinary Arts and Meal Science, ISSN 1652-2974 ; 5
Keywords
authenticity, commercial, cultural form, cultural value, food and meal culture, origin, political, professional
Research subject
Culinary Arts and Meal Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-615 (URN)91-7668-492-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-09-29, Gastronomiska teatern, Måltidens hus, Restauranghögskolan, Grythyttan, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-09-07 Created: 2006-09-07 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Tellström, RichardGustafsson, Inga-Britt

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