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Electronic structure of surfaces
Örebro University, Institutionen för naturvetenskap Department of Natural Sciences.
2006 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

For an idealized one-dimensional crystal it is possible to have energy levels whose wave functions are localized at the surface. These states are called surface states. There is one surface state for each energy gap between the ordinary allowed bands of energies. These electron states are called Tamm states. This Tamm state has an energy that lies almost at the middle of the energy gap and is mainly localized at the surface atomic layer. The image potential states are generated by a potential well formed by the Coulomb-like image potential barrier. These image states that are also called Shockley states are localized in a slowly decaying tail in the vacuum.

I also studied the lateral (in-plane) motion of electrons confined to terraces between steps on a vicinal Cu (111) surface. The local density of states showed a number of peaks at energies where electrons can occupy new quantum-well states on a step. I also tested the influence of the electron lifetime on the local density of states.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006.
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-640ISRN: ORU-NAT/FYS-D--06/0001--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-640DiVA: diva2:137055
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
fysik/kemi/matematik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2006-10-03 Created: 2006-10-03 Last updated: 2009-03-30

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Institutionen för naturvetenskap Department of Natural Sciences
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  • apa
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  • en-GB
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  • Other locale
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