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Choice of food and food traditions in pre-war Bosnia-Herzegovina: focus goup interviews with immigrant women in Sweden
Örebro University, Department of Restaurant & Culinary Arts. Department of Public Health, Örebro County Council, Sweden, Örebro, Sweden; Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden .ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9820-9800
Department of Public Health, Örebro County Council, Sweden, Örebro, Sweden.
Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden .
Örebro University, Department of Restaurant & Culinary Arts.
2002 (English)In: Ethnicity and Health, ISSN 1355-7858, E-ISSN 1465-3419, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 149-161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Immigrants in Sweden have on average poorer health than native Swedes, including the risk of nutritional problems. In Sweden's multicultural society there is a need for increased knowledge about eating habits in public health work within health and education. A survey of refugees from Bosnia-Herzegovina living in Sweden was undertaken to describe the choice of food and food traditions in pre-war Bosnia. The purpose was to introduce the subject of food, health and migration into public health work and develop culture-adapted food and health advice.

Design: Focus-group interviews were undertaken with a total of 20 women refugees from Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Results: Qualitative data analysis identified a large consumption of bread as a staple food with meat, vegetables, milk, cheese, legumes, egg and fish as additions. Self-sufficiency was noted with milk souring, jam making and the production of sweet fruit drinks. Home made cheese and drying or smoking of meat were common methods of food storage. In child rearing, breast-feeding for 6-8 months was most common. Home made breast milk replacements were made from semolina, rice and 'petit biscuits'.

Conclusion: Several important factors need to be taken into account when giving culturally adapted food and health advice to Bosnian families, such as encouraging bread, vegetable and legume consumption and giving advice on substituting sweet fruit drinks for natural fruit. One should be conscious of how religious beliefs as well as socio-cultural, historical, ecological, economical and psychological influences may guide food choices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Carfax , 2002. Vol. 7, no 3, p. 149-161
Keywords [en]
Bosnia-Herzegovina; Focus groups; Food traditions; Immigrant women; Public health
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Culinary Arts and Meal Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3177DOI: 10.1080/1355785022000041999ISI: 000180092700002PubMedID: 12523942Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0036705487OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3177DiVA, id: diva2:137243
Available from: 2004-09-02 Created: 2004-09-02 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Family meal experiences: perspectives on practical knowledge, learning and culture
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family meal experiences: perspectives on practical knowledge, learning and culture
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of four studies reflecting information and education on food and meals at different levels of society. The educational efforts are directed towards everyday family practices. The overall aim of this thesis, therefore, was to obtain a grasp of the way children and families think of food and meals in a cultural perspective, in order to understand the areas where food information and education appears to take root. Further, the thesis aims to study the potential of tasting lessons as an educational tool in compulsory school. The methods used were qualitative:repeated focus groups with immigrant women from Bosnia-Herzegovina and Somalia, focus groups with pupils and school staaf, and telephone interviews with school heads. Further it were semi-structured life world interviews and groupinterviews with Swedish children and their families. The analytical methods were based on grounded theory, and systematic and reflexive analysis. The results generated a model showing immigrant women struggling for their cultural identity, oscillating between remining Somalian and becoming part of Swedish society in their food and meal choices. The Swedish families described coping with the past and the present, and their children the different food and taste worlds at school and at home. The study of an educational tool for educationused in the fifth class at compulsory school showed both pupils and staff were prepared to be exposed to new tastes and new educational work and co-operation at school. In conclusion, the studies showed the imortance of culture for family identity, aswell as ideas and practices whithin family meal experiences in both immigrant and Swedish families. Further, an educational tool using children's senses might be a valuable practical contribution in food education. Neither food and meal information nor education and learning should, therefore, be separated from their practical and cultural components. Such factors should be taken into account in official guidelines for applied learning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek, 2004. p. 92
Series
Örebro Studies in Culinary Arts and Meal Science, ISSN 1652-2974 ; 2
Keywords
culture, children, education, family meal, family practice, food, experience, information, learning, practical knowledge
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Culinary Arts and Meal Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-77 (URN)91-7668-402-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-09-24, Gastronomiska teatern, Restauranghögskolan, Sörälgsvägen 2, Grythyttan, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-09-02 Created: 2004-09-02 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Jonsson, Inger M.Gustafsson, Inga-Britt

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Citation style
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