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Gender and regional differences in risk perception: results from implementing the Seveso II directive in Sweden
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
2002 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 69-81Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper attempts to investigate whether there are gender and regional specific differences in risk perception in three municipalities in Sweden. It focuses on differences between gender and region with regard to risk perception, issues of trust and credibility as well as attitudes towards local industry and emergency response behaviour. This study is based on results from a larger study investigating the Seveso II Directive in Sweden. The aim of this paper is to investigate how gender and regional differences appear and in what way they should be taken into consideration when it comes to implementing national laws that deal with information to the public. The results show that there are differences between gender consistent with earlier findings, and also that there are regional differences which may influence the risk communication effort. Men tend to report having more knowledge of the industrial activities in their community and estimate the possible effect of an accident to be smaller than do women. Regional comparisons show that there are local variations with regard to estimated knowledge and the credibility of a source. Attempts are made to explain the gender differences from a power/influence perspective, and attribute the local variations to specific cultural contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 5, no 1, p. 69-81
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3187DOI: 10.1080/13669870110075745OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3187DiVA, id: diva2:137274
Available from: 2004-09-14 Created: 2004-09-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Talking to me?: Risk communication to a diverse public
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Talking to me?: Risk communication to a diverse public
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on the process of communication of environmental risks. A basic assumption in this thesis is that even though ambitious risk communication efforts can take place, the intended recipients are left with a feeling of alienation: Talking to me? The thesis presents a review of theories developed in the field of risk communication research and theories concerning risk perception. Results in this thesis are based on the findings in four papers. The first two papers report results from traditional risk communication strategies that have taken place in Sweden in accordance with the Seveso II Directive. The third paper looks at how industry and organizations view participatory strategies that include stakeholders in risk debates. The fourth paper attempts to fuse together placeidentity and risk perception in order to broaden the understanding of environmental conflicts.

The main results of this thesis can be summarized under three headings. First that there is no homogenous public in a risk communication context. Instead there seems to be a number of publics that differ in risk perception or have different environmental concerns. Second, strategies that tend to incorporate parts of the concerned public or stakeholders seem to work better than traditional risk communication efforts. Third, if discussion about risk are to be fruitful, the concept of risk needs to be broadened to include concerns that are not directly or apparently linked to issues of health or safety. Instead concerns such as local culture or local attachment need to be included. The purpose of this thesis is to suggest methods for communicating about environmental risks in order to make the affected public feel: Yes, you are talking to me.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek, 2004. p. 78
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 4
Keywords
Psykologi, Risk communication, Risk perception, public participation, place-identity, psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79 (URN)91-7668-409-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-10-05, P200, Prismahuset, Örebro universitet, Örebro, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-09-14 Created: 2004-09-14 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Wester-Herber, Misse

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Citation style
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