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Underlying concerns in land-use conflicts: the role of place-identity in risk perception
Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
2004 (English)In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 109-116Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the last few years, debates over proposed usage of land for high-risk ventures have caused some debate, both in the affected communities as well as among policy makers. It has been recognized by industry and government agencies that the opinion and concerns of the local population has to be considered in order to mediate or reduce conflicts. Usually these concerns tend to focus on issues of health and safety in relation to the risk presented by different projects. It is suggested in this paper that the discussion needs to be expanded, especially if the proposed project can alter the esthetic appearance of the landscape. It is argued in this paper that the local attachment to a specific geographical place, also referred to as place-identity, needs to be included in discussions concerning industrial risks. Research in environmental psychology has suggested that place-identity is vital to a person’s identity and that this can be seen through four principles. In this paper, suggestions are made on how these four aspects of identity can be affected in a negative way if changes are made to a landscape by the introduction of a high-risk and stigmatized industrial venture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 7, no 2, p. 109-116
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3190DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2003.12.001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3190DiVA, id: diva2:137277
Available from: 2004-09-14 Created: 2004-09-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Talking to me?: Risk communication to a diverse public
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Talking to me?: Risk communication to a diverse public
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on the process of communication of environmental risks. A basic assumption in this thesis is that even though ambitious risk communication efforts can take place, the intended recipients are left with a feeling of alienation: Talking to me? The thesis presents a review of theories developed in the field of risk communication research and theories concerning risk perception. Results in this thesis are based on the findings in four papers. The first two papers report results from traditional risk communication strategies that have taken place in Sweden in accordance with the Seveso II Directive. The third paper looks at how industry and organizations view participatory strategies that include stakeholders in risk debates. The fourth paper attempts to fuse together placeidentity and risk perception in order to broaden the understanding of environmental conflicts.

The main results of this thesis can be summarized under three headings. First that there is no homogenous public in a risk communication context. Instead there seems to be a number of publics that differ in risk perception or have different environmental concerns. Second, strategies that tend to incorporate parts of the concerned public or stakeholders seem to work better than traditional risk communication efforts. Third, if discussion about risk are to be fruitful, the concept of risk needs to be broadened to include concerns that are not directly or apparently linked to issues of health or safety. Instead concerns such as local culture or local attachment need to be included. The purpose of this thesis is to suggest methods for communicating about environmental risks in order to make the affected public feel: Yes, you are talking to me.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek, 2004. p. 78
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 4
Keyword
Psykologi, Risk communication, Risk perception, public participation, place-identity, psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79 (URN)91-7668-409-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-10-05, P200, Prismahuset, Örebro universitet, Örebro, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-09-14 Created: 2004-09-14 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Wester-Herber, Misse

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