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Marital status and birthrate of deaf people in two Swedish counties: the impact of social environment in terms of deaf community
Örebro University, Department of Nursing and Caring Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2690-6989
2004 (English)In: American Annals of the Deaf, ISSN 0002-726X, E-ISSN 1543-0375, Vol. 149, no 5, p. 415-420Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Deafness affects many social interactions. The impact of deafness depends on several factors, e.g., the type of social environment in terms of the particular Deaf community a person lives in. The authors recorded the birthrate and the proportions of married and divorced people among deaf people in two Swedish counties: Narke, which had a strong Deaf community, and Varmland, whose Deaf community was weak. In both counties, the authors found that deafness was associated with low marriage rates and low birthrates. Further, in Narke, 99% of the people in the sample were married to another deaf person; only 10% were in Varmland. In Narke, the divorce rate among deaf people was about the same as that of the reference population (i.e., the county's marriage-age population). In Varmland, deaf people had a relatively low divorce rate. The findings are discussed from medical and social perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 149, no 5, p. 415-420
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Social Work
Research subject
Disability Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3230DOI: 10.1353/aad.2005.0010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3230DiVA, id: diva2:137466
Available from: 2005-01-21 Created: 2005-01-21 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Hearing impairment and deafness: genetic and environmental factors - interactions - consequences : a clinical audiological approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hearing impairment and deafness: genetic and environmental factors - interactions - consequences : a clinical audiological approach
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Hörselnedsättning och dövhet : ett kliniskt audiologiskt angreppssätt
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES - Hearing impairment (HI) can be due to genetic or environmental factors, e.g. noise. More than 50% of HI cases are thougt to be hereditary. HI can affect social participation in different ways. How serious these problems becomes depends on several factors, for example, the type of social environment the person lives in. The objective of the present study was to point out the importance of studying HI and deafness in a broad perspective, from the molecular - biological level to the psychological - social level and to evaluate how interactions of factors at several levels form the consequences, in a long-term perspective, to witch HI and deafness can lead. MATERIAL AND METHODS - Three different study populations have been used to study the four levels in this study: Papers I - III; 1200 noise-exposed workers (molecular and biological levels), Paper IV; 50 persons with HI since early childhood, with or without a family history of HI (FHHI)(biological, psychological and social level), and in Paper V; 600 persons with early onset of deafness in two counties with differently strong Deaf communities (psychological and social level). RESULTS - The molecular genetic studies (Papers I – III) showed that the combination of smoking and having a mutation in the protective antioxidant system revealed an additional risk for noise induced hearing loss. In Paper IV, only small differences was found between subjects with and without a FHHI. The results in Paper V indicated that differences in the social environment, in terms of the strength of the Deaf community, influence family factors such as marriages, divorces and the number of children born. CONCLUSIONS - Analysing complex issues such as HI and deafness from a medical audiological perspective requires a multi- level approach at several levels. The results indicate that interactions of factors at all four levels form the consequences, in a long-term perspective, to wich HI and deafness can lead. Furthermore, this multi-level approach - here called a clinical audiological approach - is essential when using the ICF framework in audiological rehabilitation/habilitation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek, 2005. p. 81
Series
Örebro Studies in Medicine, ISSN 1652-4063 ; 4
Keywords
Disability studies, hereditary hearing impairment, deafness, noise induced hearing loss, Deaf community, connexin mutations, oxidative stress genes, family history of hearing impairment, audiological rehabilitation, audiological medicine, Handikappforskning
National Category
Social Work Social Sciences Social Sciences
Research subject
Medical Disability Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-94 (URN)91-7668-426-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-02-11, Aulan, B-huset, Universitetssjukhuset, Örebro, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-01-21 Created: 2005-01-21 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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