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Risk of pancreatitis in 14,000 individuals with celiac disease
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1024-5602
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6328-5494
2007 (English)In: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, ISSN 1542-3565, E-ISSN 1542-7714, Vol. 5, no 11, p. 1347-1353Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background & Aims: The aim of this study was to examine the risk of pancreatitis in patients with celiac disease (CD) from a general population cohort. Methods: By using Swedish national registers, we identified 14,239 individuals with a diagnosis of CD (1964–2003) and 69,381 reference individuals matched for age, sex, calendar year, and county of residence at the time of diagnosis. Cox regression estimated the hazard ratios (HRs) for a subsequent diagnosis of pancreatitis. We restricted analyses to individuals with more than 1 year of follow-up and no diagnosis of pancreatitis before or within 1 year after study entry. Conditional logistic regression estimated the association of pancreatitis with subsequent CD. Results: CD was associated with an increased risk of subsequent pancreatitis of any type (HR, 3.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.6–4.4; P < .001; on the basis of 95 positive events in individuals with CD vs 163 positive events in reference individuals) and chronic pancreatitis (HR, 19.8; 95% CI, 9.2–42.8; P < .001; on the basis of 37 and 13 positive events, respectively). Adjustment for socioeconomic index, diabetes mellitus, alcohol-related disorders, or gallstone disease had no notable effect on the risk estimates. The risk increase for pancreatitis was only found among individuals with CD diagnosed in adulthood. Pancreatitis of any type (odds ratio, 3.2; 95% CI, 2.5–4.3; P < .001) and chronic pancreatitis (odds ratio, 7.3; 95% CI, 4.0–13.5; P < .001) were associated with subsequent CD. Conclusions: This study suggests that individuals with CD are at increased risk of pancreatitis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 5, no 11, p. 1347-1353
Keywords [en]
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Celiac Disease/*epidemiology, Child, Child; Preschool, Female, Humans, Infant, Infant; Newborn, Male, Middle Aged, Pancreatitis/*epidemiology, Registries, Risk Assessment, Sweden/epidemiology
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Research subject
Internal Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3488DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2007.06.002PubMedID: 17702659OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3488DiVA, id: diva2:137785
Available from: 2008-12-08 Created: 2008-12-08 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textPubMedhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PubMed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=17702659&dopt=Citation

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Ludvigsson, Jonas F.Montgomery, Scott M.

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