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Risk factors in childhood obesity: findings from the All Babies In Southeast Sweden (ABIS) cohort
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1024-5602
2007 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 96, no 9, p. 1321-1325Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Our objective was to investigate whether overweight at a very young age predicts overweight at 5 years and to identify risk factors for overweight/obesity at 5 years, thereby making it easier for Child Health Services to focus their prevention strategies on risk groups.

Methods: We analysed data from the ABIS study (All Babies In Southeast Sweden), a prospective cohort study. Parents answered questionnaires between childbirth (n = 16,058) and 5 years (n = 7356).

Results: High body mass index (BMI; >95th percentile) at 1 year (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]= 6.57; 95% CI = 4.63–9.33; p < 0.001) and age-adjusted BMI > 25 at 2.5 years (AOR = 14.24; 95% CI = 10.52–19.29; p < 0.001) were associated with increased risk of obesity (age-adjusted BMI > 30) at 5 years. Heredity for type 2 diabetes (p = 0.022), high parental BMI and the child's own BMI at birth and at 1 year predicted higher BMI of the child at 5 years (p < 0.001). High parental education was inversely associated with child overweight (p = 0.054 respective p < 0.005).

Conclusion: Obesity at age 1 and at 2.5 years predicts obesity at 5 years. Obese parents, especially in families with heredity for type 2 diabetes and low education, should be targeted in early obesity prevention strategies by the Child Health Service.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 96, no 9, p. 1321-1325
Keyword [en]
Body Mass Index, Catchment Area (Health), Child, Child; Preschool, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Obesity/diagnosis/*epidemiology, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Sweden/epidemiology
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Pediatrics
Research subject
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3489DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2007.00408.xPubMedID: 17666104OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3489DiVA, id: diva2:137786
Available from: 2008-12-08 Created: 2008-12-08 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Ludvigsson, Jonas F.

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