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Personal standards, self-evaluation and perceived benefits of thinness in girls and young women with disturbed eating
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
2008 (English)In: European eating disorders review, ISSN 1072-4133, E-ISSN 1099-0968, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 463-471Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine personal standards, self-evaluation and perceived benefits of thinness in Swedish females 14-21 years with disturbed eating (DE) and to compare these to a group with other psychosocial problems and to a symptom free group. Seventy subjects with DE-group, 65 subjects with psychosocial problems and 70 symptom free subjects were compared regarding items selected from four questionnaires. High personal standards expressed in a competitive way were specific for the DE-group. In comparison with the other groups the DE-group also reported significantly more perceived benefits of thinness and they more frequently believed that thinness would make them more popular. The DE-group also reported a more negative self-evaluation, although this was a trait shared with the subjects with other psychosocial problems and consequently not specific for the DE-group. Identifying specific factors that perpetuate DE habits is important in order to improve our understanding and enhance the treatment of eating disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 16, no 6, p. 463-471
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Psychiatry
Research subject
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3546DOI: 10.1002/erv.885PubMedID: 18615843OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3546DiVA, id: diva2:137843
Available from: 2008-12-09 Created: 2008-12-09 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The importance of being thin: perceived expectations from self and others and the effect on self-evaluation in girls with disordered eating
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The importance of being thin: perceived expectations from self and others and the effect on self-evaluation in girls with disordered eating
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aims of this thesis were to examine personal standards, self-evaluation and attitudes to eating and weight in the development of disturbed eating in adolescent girls, and to examine how adolescent girls with a clinical eating disorder reflect upon and deal with perceived expectations in daily life.

Studies I and II were quantitative studies, conducted in a population-based longitudinal study. Studies III and IV were qualitative interview studies of girls who were suffering from eating disorders and the data were analysed using a phenomenographic approach.

Study I showed that high personal standards expressed in a competitive way were specific for the girls with disturbed eating. These girls also reported a negative physical self-evaluation and often believed that thinness would make them more popular. In study II variables concerning attitudes to eating and weight and physical self-evaluation emerged as risk factors for disturbed eating, whereas personal standards or self-evaluation in general did not. Protective factors were a low BMI, healthy eating attitudes, an accepting attitude towards body size and a positive self-evaluation. Three categories of perceived expectations were described in study III: expectations from others, self-imposed expectations and conflicting expectations. Many informants had problems identifying expectations that were not explicit and they interpreted them as self-imposed. In study IV the various ways in which the informants reflected on dealing with these expectations were summarized into three qualitatively different conceptions: being oneself, adapting to different situations and presenting oneself in a positive light. These conceptions were expressed in five patterns of action, which could have various functions for different individuals and in different situations.

The results suggest that in order to prevent and treat eating disorders and related problems it is essential to integrate both intrapersonal and contextual factors that contribute to the development and maintenance of these conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2010. p. 83
Series
Örebro Studies in Medicine, ISSN 1652-4063 ; 41
Keyword
Eating disorders, risk factors, protective factors, sociocultural factors, gender, perfectionism, personal standards, competitiveness, phenomenography.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Psychiatry
Research subject
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-10008 (URN)978-91-7668-717-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-04-23, Wilandersalen, Universitetssjukhuset USÖ, Örebro, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-03-19 Created: 2010-03-15 Last updated: 2018-04-19Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textPubMedhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PubMed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=18615843&dopt=Citation

Authority records BETA

Gustafsson, Sanna AilaKjellin, LarsNorring, Claes

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