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At-home partner sleep functioning over the course of military deployment
Minneapolis VA Medical Health Care System, Minneapolis MN, United States; National Center for PTSD, Dissemination and Training Division, VA Palo Alto Healthcare System, United States.
Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Minneapolis VA Health Care System, United States; Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, United States.
Minneapolis VA Medical Health Care System, Minneapolis MN, United States; Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, United States.
Minneapolis VA Medical Health Care System, Minneapolis MN, United States; Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School, United States.
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2018 (English)In: Journal of family psychology, ISSN 0893-3200, E-ISSN 1939-1293, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 114-122Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the negative effects of deployment on the health of military spouses have been studied, research on sleep disruptions remains limited. This study investigates trajectories of sleep complaints over the course of deployment and predictors of these changes among a cohort of at-home partners. Data were drawn from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS-2) project, a prospective, longitudinal study of National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq/Kuwait (2011-2012) and their intimate partners. Spouses or cohabiting partners (N = 686) of soldiers completed assessments of risk/protective factors 2 to 5 months before their partners' deployment (Time 1), 4 months (Time 2) and 8 months (Time 3) into the deployment, and 2 to 3 months following the soldiers' return (Time 4). Latent class growth analyses (LCGA) revealed quadratic change in partners' sleep over the deployment cycle, characterized by 4 distinct trajectories: resilient (61%), deployment-onset sleep problems (22%), deployment improvement (10%), and chronic (7%) groups. Predeployment and during deployment predictors of partners' sleep complaints varied by group and included negative emotionality, depression symptoms, alcohol use, low negative communication, and family stressors. Understanding the course of sleep complaints and potentially modifiable risk-factors among at-home partners during deployment may be useful for prevention and targeted intervention efforts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association , 2018. Vol. 32, no 1, p. 114-122
Keywords [en]
military family, sleep, insomnia, couples, deployment
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78664DOI: 10.1037/fam0000262ISI: 000427608700013PubMedID: 28627910Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85021719377OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-78664DiVA, id: diva2:1379099
Note

Funding Agencies:

VA Health Service Research Development  SDR-10-398

University of Minnesota Press 

Available from: 2019-12-16 Created: 2019-12-16 Last updated: 2019-12-18Bibliographically approved

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Kramer, Mark

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