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Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of bladder cancer: a prospective cohort study
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
2008 (English)In: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, ISSN 1055-9965, E-ISSN 1538-7755, Vol. 17, no 9, p. 2519-2522Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fruit and vegetable consumption has been inconsistently associated with risk of bladder cancer. We used data from a prospective population-based cohort study of 82,002 Swedish women and men to examine the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and bladder cancer incidence. Diet was assessed with a validated food frequency questionnaire. During a mean follow-up of 9.4 years, 485 incident cases of bladder cancer were identified in the Swedish cancer registries. We found no statistically significant association between intakes of total fruits and vegetables, total fruits, or total vegetables and bladder cancer risk after adjustment for age, sex, education, and cigarette smoking. The multivariate rate ratios (95% confidence intervals) comparing the highest with the lowest quartile of intake were 0.80 (0.60-1.05) for total fruits and vegetables, 0.93 (0.69-1.25) for fruits, and 0.89 (0.67-1.19) for vegetables. Likewise, no associations were observed for citrus fruits, cruciferous vegetables, or green leafy vegetables. The associations did not differ by sex or smoking status. In conclusion, findings from this prospective study suggest that fruit and vegetable intakes are not likely to be appreciably associated with the risk of bladder cancer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Baltimore: Waverly Press , 2008. Vol. 17, no 9, p. 2519-2522
Keywords [en]
Female, Fruit, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Prospective Studies, Registries, Risk Factors, Sweden/epidemiology, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/*epidemiology, Vegetables
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Surgery Cancer and Oncology
Research subject
Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3663DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0407PubMedID: 18768526OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3663DiVA, id: diva2:137961
Available from: 2008-12-17 Created: 2008-12-17 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, Swen-OlofJohansson, Jan-Erik

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