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Coeliac disease and risk of sarcoidosis
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2007 (English)In: Sarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Diseases, ISSN 1124-0490, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 121-126Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Several case reports indicate a link between coeliac disease (CD) and sarcoidosis. Our main objective was to investigate the risk of subsequent sarcoidosis in individuals with CD in a general population cohort study. A second aim was to estimate the risk of CD in individuals with prior sarcoidosis.

METHODS: We used Cox proportional hazards method to calculate the risk of subsequent sarcoidosis in 14,349 individuals who had received a diagnosis of CD (1964-2003) and 69,998 age- and sex-matched individuals without a diagnosis of CD. Subjects were identified through the Swedish national Inpatient Register. Conditional logistic regression was used to study the risk of CD associated with prior sarcoidosis.

RESULTS: CD was associated with an increased risk of sarcoidosis (Hazard ratio (HR) = 4.03; 95% CI = 2.32-7.00; p < 0.001), and was not notably affected by adjustment for socioeconomic index. In individuals with CD listed as the main diagnosis, the HR was 3.66 (95% CI HR = 1.80-7.45; p < 0.001). Prior sarcoidosis was associated with an increased risk of CD (Odds ratio = 3.58; 95% CI = 1.98-6.45; p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Immune characteristics of CD may be linked to an increased risk of sarcoidosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cormano: Casa Editrice Mattioli , 2007. Vol. 24, no 2, p. 121-126
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Celiac Disease/complications/*epidemiology, Child, Child; Preschool, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Infant, Infant; Newborn, Male, Middle Aged, Proportional Hazards Models, Registries, Risk Factors, Sarcoidosis/complications/*epidemiology, Sweden/epidemiology
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3763PubMedID: 18496982OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-3763DiVA, id: diva2:138061
Available from: 2009-01-05 Created: 2009-01-05 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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PubMedhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PubMed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=18496982&dopt=Citation

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Montgomery, Scott M.

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School of Health and Medical Sciences
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Sarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Diseases
Medical and Health SciencesCardiac and Cardiovascular SystemsPublic Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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